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A9978 Sigma-Aldrich

AICAR

≥98% (HPLC), powder

Synonym: 5-Aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide 1-β-D-ribofuranoside, Acadesine, N1-(β-D-Ribofuranosyl)-5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide

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Description

General description

Adenosine monophosphate protein kinase (AMPK) activator 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleotide (AICAR) modulates cellular energy. It regulates lipid and glucose metabolism, pro-inflammatory responses, cytokine production, cell proliferation and apoptosis. AICAR improves ischemia or reperfusion injury and kidney fibrosis in rats. It provides protection against acute tubular necrosis.

Application

AICAR has been used to provide protection against cisplatin-induced acute kidney injury through the JAK (tyrosine-protein kinase )/STAT (signal transducer and activator of transcription )/SOCS (suppressor of cytokine signaling) pathway. It also has been used in the assay of FapR (malonyl-CoA responsive bacterial transcriptional factor )-NLuc (nanoLuciferase) biosensor activity.

Packaging

5, 25 mg in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

AICAR is a cell permeable activator of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), a metabolic master regulator that is activated in times of reduced energy availability (high cellular AMP:ATP ratios) and serves to inhibit anabolic processes. In vivo, pharmacologic activation of AMPK with AICAR mimics exercise and triggers insulin-independent glucose uptake by skeletal muscle.

Features and Benefits

This compound is a featured product for Kinase Phosphatase Biology research. Click here to discover more featured Kinase Phosphatase Biology products. Learn more about bioactive small molecules for other areas of research at sigma.com/discover-bsm.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Personal Protective Equipment 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
3

Documents

Certificate of Analysis (COA)

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Certificate of Origin (COO)

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Frequently Asked Questions

Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?
If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis.
How do I get lot-specific information or a Certificate of Analysis?
The lot specific COA document can be found by entering the lot number above under the "Documents" section.
How do I find price and availability?
There are several ways to find pricing and availability for our products.Once you log onto our website, you will find the price and availability displayed on the product detail page.You can contact any of our Customer Sales and Service offices to receive a quote. USA customers: 1-800-325-3010 orview local office numbers.
What is the Department of Transportation shipping information for this product?
Transportation information can be found in Section 14 of the product's (M)SDS.To access the shipping information for this material, use the link on the product detail page for the product.
How can I store a solution of AICAR, Product A9978?
We do not test solution stability for this product. In general, drug solutions are best prepared immediately before use.We recommend storing at -20°C in single use aliquots.
What can I use to solubilize AICAR, Product A9978?
We list the solubility in water on the lot specific Certificate of Analysis.We typically test the solubility of AICAR in water (7 mg/mL).
What is the appearance of Product A9978, AICAR?
Product No. A9978, AICAR, is a powder.The color of the powder will be described on the lot specific Certificate of Analysis.
My question is not addressed here, how can I contact Technical Service for assistance?
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Protocols & Articles

Articles

Discover Bioactive Small Molecules for Kinase Phosphatase Biology

Phosphorylation is a ubiquitous cellular regulatory mechanism that mediates signal transduction pathways, which carry signals from the cell surface to the nucleus or cytoplasm, by altering the activi...
Keywords: Apoptosis, Bioactive small molecules, Cancer, Diseases, Inflammation, Metabolism, Neurodegenerative Diseases, Phosphorylations, Transduction

LC/MS Analysis of Equine Performance-Enhancing Dopants GABA and AICAR on Ascentis® Express HILIC

From our library of Articles, Sigma-Aldrich presents LC/MS Analysis of Equine Performance-Enhancing Dopants GABA and AICAR on Ascentis® Express HILIC
Keywords: Chromatography, High performance liquid chromatography, Liquid chromatography mass spectrometry, Mass spectrometry, Separation, Solvents

Mitochondrial Dysfunction and Metabolic Defects

Defects in mitochondrial function are associated with insulin resistance in both human and animal studies. Insulin resistance is associated with a decrease in the number, oxidative capacity, size, an...
Keywords: Acetylations, Apoptosis, Biofiles, Cancer, Carboxylations, Catalog, Catalysis, Citric Acid Cycle, Decarboxylations, Degradations, Diabetes, Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Glycolysis, Immunofluorescence, Immunohistochemistry, Lipid Metabolism, Metabolism, Metabolites, Neurotransmitters, Obesity, Oxidations, Phosphorylations, Physiological Processes, Protocols, Transcription, Transduction, Transfection, Western blot

Oncogenes and Tumor Suppressors Reprogram Metabolism

Proliferating cells require the biosynthesis of structural components for biomass production and for genomic replication. This requires a reprogramming of the metabolic pathways to ensure nutrients s...
BioFiles v7 n4
Keywords: Aerobic, Antitumor agents, Apoptosis, Cancer, Citric Acid Cycle, Degradations, Environmental, Gene expression, Glycolysis, Growth factors, Metabolic Pathways, Metabolism, Metabolites, Nucleotide Synthesis, Pentose phosphate pathway, Phosphorylations

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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