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F6886 Sigma-Aldrich

Forskolin

from Coleus forskohlii, ≥98% (HPLC), powder

Synonym: 7β-Acetoxy-8,13-epoxy-1α,6β,9α-trihydroxylabd-14-en-11-one, Coleonol, Colforsin

  • CAS Number 66575-29-9

  • Empirical Formula (Hill Notation) C22H34O7

  • Molecular Weight 410.50

  •  Beilstein/REAXYS Number 1692716

  •  EC Number 266-410-9

  •  MDL number MFCD00082317

  •  PubChem Substance ID 24278035

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Description

General description

Forskolin, present predominantly in the root of Coleus forskohlii plant, is a potential pharmacological compound. It is used for treating hypertension, respiratory disorders and obesity. Forskolin is a diterpenoid capable of modulating adenylate cyclase enzyme and cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) levels. Engineering forskolin biosynthetic pathway caters its commercial production for pharmacological use. Forskolin has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory property and reduces hyperglycemia by stimulating insulin release. Forskolin promotes differentiation of hepatoma HepaRG cells and activates farnesoid X receptor (FXR) and pregnane X receptor(PXR).

Application

Forskolin has been used:
• for inducing mRNA expression in primary hepatocytes.
• as a defatting drug in primary human hepatocytes.
• as a medium supplement to induce differentiation of adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs).
• in the activation of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene.

Packaging

10, 25, 50 mg in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Cell-permeable diterpenoid that possesses anti-hypertensive, positive inotropic, and adenylyl cyclase activating properties. Many of its biological effects are due to its activation of adenylyl cyclase and the resulting increase in intracellular cAMP concentration. Forskolin effects calcium currents and inhibits MAP kinase.

Features and Benefits

This compound is a featured product for Cyclic Nucleotide research. Click here to discover more featured Cyclic Nucleotide products. Learn more about bioactive small molecules for other areas of research at sigma.com/discover-bsm.

This compound is also offered as part of Sigma′s Library of Pharmacologically Active Compounds (LOPAC®1280), a biologically annotated collection of high-quality, ready-to-screen compounds. Click here to learn more.

This compound is featured on the Adenylyl cyclases page of the Handbook of Receptor Classification and Signal Transduction. To browse other handbook pages, click here.

Preparation Note

Forskolin is soluble in organic solvents such as ethanol, chloroform, and DMSO.

Legal Information

LOPAC is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Personal Protective Equipment 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
3
RTECS 
QL6150000

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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Protocols & Articles

Articles

Discover Bioactive Small Molecules for Cyclic Nucleotides

Transmission of an extracellular signal across the cell membrane is initiated by activation of many types of hormone and neurotransmitter receptors, such as G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs), and c...
Keywords: Antivirals, Cancer, Cardiovascular, Cellular processes, Diabetes, Diseases, Hormones, Neurotransmitters

Fluorescent G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs)

G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are the largest class of transmembrane proteins and the targets for almost half of the clinical drugs in the market today. Advances in X-ray crystallography and ot...
Mike Earley, Market Segment Manager, Sigma Life Science
Biofiles Vol. 8, No. 4
Keywords: Clinical, Confocal microscopy, Ligands, Microscopy

Naive Pluripotent Stem Cell Culture in an Inhibitor Based 2i/LIF Containing Serum-Free and Feeder-Free Stem Cell Media

Naive pluripotent stem cells are located within the epiblast of mature blastocysts. These primitive “ground-state” cells may be cultured in vitro using specialized media and small molecule inhibitors...
Gabi Tremml, Ming Li and Vi Chu1*,
1MilliporeSigma, Bioscience Division, Temecula, CA, USA
 
Keywords: Cell culture, Gene expression, Immunocytochemistry, Microscopy, Polymerase chain reaction, Polymerase chain reaction - quantitative, Transcription

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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