• USA Home
  • G7548 - Penta-O-galloyl-β-D-glucose hydrate

G7548 Sigma-Aldrich

Penta-O-galloyl-β-D-glucose hydrate

≥96% (HPLC)

Synonym: 1,2,3,4,6-Penta-O-galloyl-b-D-glucopyranose, 1,2,3,4,6-pentakis(3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoate)-b-D-Glucopyranose, Gallic acid, pentaester with b-D-glucopyranose, Glucopyranose, pentagallate, b-D, PGG, Penta-1,2,3,4,6-O-galloyl-b-D-glucose, Penta-O-galloyl-beta-D-glucose



Related Categories Apoptosis Inducers, Apoptosis and Cell Cycle, Bioactive Small Molecule Alphabetical Index, Bioactive Small Molecules, Cell Biology,
assay   ≥96% (HPLC)
form   powder
optical activity   [α]/D +18 to +27°, c = 0.2 in acetone-d6
color   light brown
solubility   DMSO: ≥20 mg/mL
storage temp.   2-8°C



Penta-O-galloyl-β-D-glucose hydrate (PCG) has been used as an inhibitor of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) related metastatic activity.


5, 25 mg in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

PGG induces predominantly (caspase dependent) apoptosis in DU145 and LNCaP cells, while inducing autophagy in more resistant PC3 and TRAMP-C2 cells. It appears that PGG targeted signaling downstream of rather than the mTOR itself. Polyphenolic pyranoses were reported (J Biol Chem. 2010, 285 (11), 7892-902) to inhibit the plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1).

Penta-O-galloyl-β-D-glucose hydrate (PCG) is a polyphenolic gallotannin compound produced by plants. It has an ability to inhibit matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) related metastatic activity. Thus, PCG can be used for treating metastatic activity in squamous cell carcinoma. In addition, it also acts as a potential drug for stabilizing small abdominal aneurysms.

Features and Benefits

This compound is a featured product for Apoptosis research. Click here to discover more featured Apoptosis products. Learn more about bioactive small molecules for other areas of research at sigma.com/discover-bsm.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 


Certificate of Analysis (COA)

Please Enter a Lot Number
Protocols & Articles


Discover Bioactive Small Molecules for Apoptosis

Apoptosis, or programmed cell death (PCD), is a selective process for the removal of unnecessary, infected or transformed cells in various biological systems. As it plays a role in the homeostasis of...
Keywords: Apoptosis, Bioactive small molecules, Cancer, Clinical, Diseases, Ligands, Neurodegenerative Diseases

Discover Bioactive Small Molecules for Cell Cycle Research

In proliferating cells, the cell cycle consists of four phases. Gap 1 (G1) is the interval between mitosis and DNA replication that is characterized by cell growth. Replication of DNA occurs during t...
Keywords: Apoptosis, Bioactive small molecules, Cancer, Cell division, Cell proliferation, DNA replication, Diseases, Genetic

Peer-Reviewed Papers


Related Products

Technical Service:

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Bulk Ordering & Pricing:

Need larger quantities for your development, manufacturing or research applications?