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N0290 Sigma-Aldrich

Nitazoxanide

≥98% (HPLC)

Synonym: NTZ; 2-(Acetyloxy)-N-(5-nitro-2-thiazolyl)benzamide

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Properties

Related Categories Approved Therapeutics/Drug Candidates, Bioactive Small Molecule Alphabetical Index, Bioactive Small Molecules, Cell Biology, Cell Signaling and Neuroscience,
Quality Level   100
assay   ≥98% (HPLC)
originator   Romark
storage temp.   2-8°C
SMILES string   CC(=O)Oc1ccccc1C(=O)Nc2ncc(s2)[N+]([O-])=O
InChI   1S/C12H9N3O5S/c1-7(16)20-9-5-3-2-4-8(9)11(17)14-12-13-6-10(21-12)15(18)19/h2-6H,1H3,(H,13,14,17)
InChI key   YQNQNVDNTFHQSW-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Description

General description

Nitazoxanide (NTZ), a thiazolide compound is a antiparasitic drug with structure similar to niclosamide.

Application

Nitazoxanide has been used:
• to test its anti-viral activity against chikungunya virus
• as an antiprotozoal agent to test its effect on cell viability in various cancer cell lines
• to test its effect on human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infected human fibroblast HFF cells

Packaging

10, 50 mg in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Nitazoxanide (NTZ) promotes autophagy by acting on kinase based signaling pathways and acts on mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) in Mycobacteria. It has anti-viral property and effectively halts entry and release of chikungunya virus in in vitro studies. NTZ also inhibits Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) infection in early stages and has the potential to treat other viral infections including dengue, hepatitis B (HBV), coronavirus and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). It has antineoplastic functionality and may induce apoptosis by promoting proto-oncogene c-Myc inhibition resulting in tumor suppression.

Nitazoxanide is an inhibitor of pyruvate-ferredoxin oxidoreductase (PFOR); Antimicrobial recently found to kill both non-replicating and replicating mycobacteria. FDA approved anti-parasitic drug (2002). Recent work (C & EN Sept. 14, 2009, p. 28) highlights that NTZ kills non-replicating and replicating TB bacteria and no apparent resistance is detected.

Features and Benefits

This compound was developed by Romark. To browse the list of other pharma-developed compounds and Approved Drugs/Drug Candidates, click here.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
GHS07  GHS07
Signal word 
Warning
Hazard statements 
Target organs 
Respiratory system
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
WGK 3
Flash Point(F) 
Not applicable
Flash Point(C) 
Not applicable

Documents

Certificate of Analysis (COA)

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Protocols & Articles

Articles

Discover Bioactive Small Molecules for Immunology Research

The immune system is a complex network to detect and defend against non-self pathogenic agents, such as disease-causing viruses, bacteria, and other microorganisms. Various signaling pathways contrib...
Keywords: Antibiotics, Antifungals, Antivirals, Apoptosis, Bioactive small molecules, Cell signaling, Diabetes, Diseases, Immunology, Inflammation

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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