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P0409 Sigma-Aldrich

Prostaglandin E2

synthetic, powder, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture

Synonym: (5Z,11α,13E,15S)-11,15-Dihydroxy-9-oxoprosta-5,13-dienoic acid, Dinoprostone, PGE2

  • CAS Number 363-24-6

  • Empirical Formula (Hill Notation) C20H32O5

  • Molecular Weight 352.47

  •  Beilstein/REAXYS Number 4709356

  •  EC Number 206-656-6

  •  MDL number MFCD00077861

  •  eCl@ss 42020658

  •  PubChem Substance ID 24898100

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Properties

Related Categories Biochemicals and Reagents, Cell Culture, Eicosanoids (Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes), Fatty Acyls, Hormones,
biological source   synthetic
InChI Key   XEYBRNLFEZDVAW-ARSRFYASSA-N
product line   BioReagent
assay   ≥93% (HPLC)
form   powder
potency   0.25-100 ng/mL
suitability   suitable for cell culture
storage temp.   −20°C
Gene Information   human ... PTGER1(5731), PTGER2(5732), PTGER3(5733), PTGER4(5734), PTGIR(5739)
mouse ... Ptger1(19216), Ptger2(19217), Ptger3(19218), Ptger4(19219)

Description

General description

Prostaglandin E2 is a lipid that is obtained from arachidonic acid. Prostaglandin hormone is synthesized by the activity of cycloxygenase-2. Prostaglandin E2 controls inflammatory responses and vascular smooth muscle activity.

Application

Prostaglandin E2 has been used as a α-MEM medium supplement for the co-culture of bone marrow macrophages and differentiated osteoblast. It has also been used in the characterization of cells and in vitro decidualization.

Packaging

1, 5, 10 mg in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Most biologically active prostaglandin. PGE2 induces cervical ripening and parturition; mediates bradykinin-induced vasodilation; regulates adenylyl cyclase. Tumor cells that over-express cyclooxygenase 2 display increased invasiveness, angiogenesis, and resistance to apoptosis that may be due to the PGE2-induced expression of angiogenic factors and stabilization of the anti-apoptotic protein, survivin.The effect of PGE2 on the immune system is mixed. It inhibits T cell activation in vitro, suggesting it is an immunosuppressant. However, in vivo, it appears to effect expansion of the Th17 subset and differentiation of the Th1 subset of T helper cells, marking it as an immunoactivator.

Prostaglandin E2 is a signaling molecule produced by activated platelets. The release of PGE2 by activated platelets is part of a mechanism by which activated platelets utilize adjacent erythrocytes to help in clot formation. This product was shown to lower the filterability of human erythrocytes by approximately 30% at a concentration of 10-10sup M and also caused a reduction in mean cell volume by about 10%. The cause of cell shrinkage was the induction of a PGE2- stimulated K+ efflux pathway leading to rapid loss of cellular K+ ions. This loss was shown to be Ca2+dependent. PGE2 has been shown to stimulate the production of interleukin-6 (IL-6) by neonatal mouse parietal bones. After 6 hours in culture, cells stimulated with 10-8sup M PGE2 produced significantly more IL-6 than controls. The pyrogenic activity of PGE2 was not inhibited by dexamethasone, unlike prostaglandin F2α.

Most biologically active prostaglandin. PGE2 induces cervical ripening and parturition; mediates bradykinin-induced vasodilation; regulates adenylyl cyclase. Tumor cells that over-express cyclooxygenase 2 display increased invasiveness, angiogenesis, and resistance to apoptosis that may be due to the PGE2-induced expression of angiogenic factors and stabilization of the anti-apoptotic protein, survivin.

Physical form

powder -20 °C; stock-frozen in working aliquots, avoid repeated freeze/thaw

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
Signal word 
Danger
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
3
RTECS 
UK8000000

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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Protocols & Articles

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Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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06693 Timestrip Plus -20 °C

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