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R7752 Sigma-Aldrich

Ristomycin monosulfate

≥90% ristocetin A basis (balance primarily Ristocetin B)

Synonym: Ristocetin sulfate salt

  • CAS Number 11140-99-1

  • Empirical Formula (Hill Notation) C95H110N8O44 · H2SO4

  • Molecular Weight 2166.00

  •  MDL number MFCD00076121

  •  PubChem Substance ID 24899399

  •  NACRES NA.77

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Properties

Related Categories Antibiotics, Antibiotics A to Z, Antibiotics N-S, Antibiotics by Mechanism of Action, Bioactive Small Molecule Alphabetical Index,
Quality Level   200
assay   ≥90% ristocetin A basis (balance primarily Ristocetin B)
Mode of action   cell wall synthesis | interferes
storage temp.   2-8°C
SMILES string   COC(=O)[C@@H]1NC(=O)[C@H]2NC(=O)C(NC(=O)[C@@H]3NC(=O)[C@H]4NC(=O)[C@H](NC(=O)[C@H](N)c5ccc(O)c(Oc6cc4cc(O)c6C)c5)[C@H](O)c7ccc(Oc8cc3cc(Oc9ccc(cc9)[C@H]2O[C@H]%10C[C@@H](N)[C@@H](O)[C@H](C)O%10)c8O[C@@H]%11O[C@H](CO[C@@H]%12O[C@@H](C)[C@H](O)[C@@H](O)[C@H]%12O)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H]%11O[C@H]%13O[C@H](CO)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@@H]%13O[C@@H]%14OC[C@@H](O)[C@@H](O)[C@@H]%14O)cc7)c%15ccc(O)c(c%15)-c%16c(O[C@@H]%17O[C@H](CO)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@@H]%17O)cc(O)cc1%16
InChI   1S/C95H110N8O44/c1-30-47(109)18-37-20-49(30)139-50-19-35(9-16-46(50)108)59(97)84(125)102-64-68(113)33-5-11-40(12-6-33)137-52-21-38-22-53(81(52)145-95-83(76(121)72(117)56(143-95)29-134-91-78(123)73(118)67(112)32(3)136-91)147-94-82(75(120)71(116)55(27-105)142-94)146-92-77(122)69(114)48(110)28-133-92)138-41-13-7-34(8-14-41)80(144-57-25-44(96)66(111)31(2)135-57)65-89(130)101-63(90(131)132-4)43-23-39(106)24-51(140-93-79(124)74(119)70(115)54(26-104)141-93)58(43)42-17-36(10-15-45(42)107)60(85(126)103-65)98-87(128)62(38)99-86(127)61(37)100-88(64)129/h5-24,31-32,44,48,54-57,59-80,82-83,91-95,104-124H,25-29,96-97H2,1-4H3,(H,98,128)(H,99,127)(H,100,129)(H,101,130)(H,102,125)(H,103,126)/t31-,32-,44+,48+,54+,55+,56+,57-,59+,60?,61-,62+,63?,64+,65-,66-,67-,68+,69+,70+,71+,72+,73+,74-,75-,76-,77-,78+,79-,80+,82-,83+,91+,92-,93+,94+,95-/m0/s1
InChI key   VUOPFFVAZTUEGW-ZNAZZOOYSA-N

Description

General description

Ristomycin/ristocetin is a type III glycopeptide. It is a highly glycosylated glycopeptide, previously found in Amycolatopsis lurida.

Application

Ristomycin monosulfate has been used:
•  to activate platelet and induce platelet aggregation
•  to study the aggregation responses of platelets from buffalo, horse, pig and sheep
•  in in-house ristocetin cofactor von Willebrand factor (VWF:RCo) assay to measure glycoprotein Ib (GpIb) binding activity

Packaging

100, 250 mg in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Ristocetin activates platelets. Ristocetin-induced platelet agglutination (RIPA) is decreased in patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis. Together with increased plasma glycocalicin levels (a product of enzymatic cleavage of GPIb), RIPA may contribute to diminished platelet adhesion to vascular subendothelium and increased bleeding associated with uremia. Addition of ristocetin and vWf caused specific agglutination of rGPIbα-liposomes suporting the potential use of rGPIbα-liposomes to enhance platelet function in vivo and support hemostasis in thrombocytopenic individuals.

Ristomycin possesses antibacterial activity. It may be used to diagnose von Willebrand disease and Bernard-Soulier syndrome. Ristocetin-induced platelet agglutination (RIPA) is decreased in patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis. Increased plasma glycocalicin levels (a product of enzymatic cleavage of GPIb) and decreased RIPA might reduce platelet adhesion to vascular subendothelium and improve bleeding associated with uremia in patients with chronic hemodialysis.

Other Notes

Glycopeptide antibiotic complex

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Personal Protective Equipment 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
WGK 3
RTECS 
VJ8650000
Flash Point(F) 
Not applicable
Flash Point(C) 
Not applicable

Documents

Certificate of Analysis (COA)

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Certificate of Origin (COO)

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Protocols & Articles

Articles

Discover Bioactive Small Molecules for Immunology Research

The immune system is a complex network to detect and defend against non-self pathogenic agents, such as disease-causing viruses, bacteria, and other microorganisms. Various signaling pathways contrib...
Keywords: Antibiotics, Antifungals, Antivirals, Apoptosis, Bioactive small molecules, Cell signaling, Diabetes, Diseases, Immunology, Inflammation

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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