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SML0141 Sigma-Aldrich

Trilostane

≥98% (HPLC)

Synonym: (4α,5α,17β)-3,17-dihydroxy-4,5-epoxyandrost-2-ene-2-carbonitrile

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Properties

Related Categories Androgen, Bioactive Small Molecule Alphabetical Index, Bioactive Small Molecules, Cell Biology, Cell Signaling and Neuroscience,
InChI Key   KVJXBPDAXMEYOA-CXANFOAXSA-N
assay   ≥98% (HPLC)
form   powder
color   white to tan
solubility   DMSO: ≥17 mg/mL
storage temp.   2-8°C

Description

General description

Trilostane inhibits the production of adrenal steroids, such as cortisol and aldosterone. It is used to treat aldosteronism.

Application

Trilostane has been used to evaluate its capability to regulate the sex-dependent differences in the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory responses of astrocytes.

Trilostane was used to inhibit the activity of 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase in mouse ovary.

Packaging

10, 50 mg in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Trilostane is an inhibitor of 3 β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3-β-HSD or delta 5-delta 4-isomerase), an essential enzyme for the biosynthesis of all classes of hormonal steroids. It has been used in the treatment of Cushing′s syndrome for stopping the production of cortisol, and is currently approved for dogs in the US, but is still a human drug in the UK and other countries. It is being investigated as a possible treatment for both breast cancer and prostate cancer to prevent the synthesis of estrogens and androgens from endogenous precursors. It has also been used to inhibit endogenous production of progesterone in research studies.

Features and Benefits

This compound is featured on the Nuclear Receptors (Steroids) page of the Handbook of Receptor Classification and Signal Transduction. To browse other handbook pages, click here.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
Signal word 
Warning
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
3

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

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Milli-Q® Water Purification Solutions
Protocols & Articles

Articles

Nuclear Receptors (Steroids)

Intracellular receptors (IRs) are a class of ligand-dependent transcription factors that include receptors for both steroid and non-steroid hormones. Upon binding their cognate hormone, these recepto...
Keywords: Anti-inflammatory agents, Apoptosis, Atomic absorption spectroscopy, Cancer, Cardiovascular, Cell proliferation, Diseases, Diuretics, Gene expression, Hormones, Infrared spectroscopy, Ligands, Metabolism, Metabolites, Transcription, Transduction

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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