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SRE0045 Sigma-Aldrich

Luciferase from Photinus pyralis (firefly)

recombinant, expressed in E. coli, lyophilized powder, ≥10×1010 units/mg protein

Synonym: Luciferase firefly



Related Categories Analytical and Industrial Enzymes, Biochemicals and Reagents, Enzymes, Inhibitors, and Substrates, Luciferase, Purified Enzymes More...
Quality Level   200
recombinant   expressed in E. coli
form   lyophilized powder
mol wt   62 kDa
Featured Industry   Diagnostic Assay Manufacturing
storage temp.   −20°C



Firefly luciferase is used extensively in molecular and cell biology, in particular for the efficient detection and quantitation of ATP and as a reporter for genetic function.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Firefly luciferase is a 62 kDa protein that catalyzes the production of light. The enzyme requires ATP, molecular oxygen, and the heterocyclic compound, firefly luciferin, to generate light in a two-step process. The light producing reaction is initiated by luciferin activation (adenylation of its carboxylate group) and proceeds in the presence of molecular oxygen to yield a photon of yellow-green light.

Unit Definition

One luciferase enzyme unit will produce one Relative Light Unit (RLU) at 20-25 °C over a 10 second period, measured in 100 μl assay mixture containing 40 pmol ATP and 15 nmol luciferin in Tris-glycine buffer, pH 7.6, using a GloMax 20/20 Luminometer.

Unit Definition Conversion Factor: There are approximately 9000 Relative Light Units (RLU) per one traditional Light Unit that uses a peak height equivalent to 0.02 μCi of 14C in a PPO/POPOP cocktail.

Physical form

Supplied as a lyophilized powder containing HEPES, pH 7.5, NaCl, MgCl2, EDTA, DTT and a carbohydrate stabilizer.

This product is a recombinant luciferase (62 kDa) from Photinus pyralis (American firefly) produced from the luc gene expressed in E. coli.

Preparation Note

To obtain maximal solubility it is important to reconstitute the enzyme at a high salt concentration, such as 1 M Tris buffer with any counter ion at pH 7-8. The enzyme can be prepared at a concentration of up to 5 mg protein/ml. Do not vortex and avoid agitation.
After reconstitution, the enzyme solutions can kept at 4-8 °C for up to 2 days or frozen in working aliquots at -20°C for at least one month. Repeated freezing and thawing is not recommended.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
Flash Point(F) 
Not applicable
Flash Point(C) 
Not applicable


Certificate of Analysis (COA)

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Certificate of Origin (COO)

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Protocols & Articles


Bioluminescent Firefly Luciferase Assays

Firefly luciferase is a widely used bioluminescent reporter for studying gene regulation and function. It is a very sensitive genetic reporter due to the absence of endogenous luciferase activity in ...
Keywords: Catalysis, Cell proliferation, Enzyme activity, Gene expression, Genetic, Genomics, Indicators, Oxidations, Post translational modifications, Titrations, Transfection

Peer-Reviewed Papers


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