SRP9000 Sigma-Aldrich

Prolactin human

human, recombinant, expressed in HEK 293 cells

Synonym: PRL

  •  NACRES NA.32



Related Categories Cell Biology, Cell Signaling and Neuroscience, Cytokines, Growth Factors and Hormones, Hormones, Luteotropic Hormone (Prolactin),
Quality Level   200
biological source   human
recombinant   expressed in HEK 293 cells
assay   ≥95% (SDS-PAGE)
form   liquid
potency   ≤2 ng/mL Nb2-11 cells proliferation EC50
application(s)   cell culture | mammalian: suitable
impurities   ≤1 EU/μg protein Endotoxin level
storage temp.   −20°C


General description

Prolactin is a lactogenic hormone that plays a role in breast cancer, regulation of reproductive function, and immunoregulation. The prolactin cDNA encodes a 227 amino acid residue protein with a putative 28 amino residue signal peptide. Removal of the signal peptide results in the mature hormone corresponding to amino acids 29-227 of natural prolactin. There are several natural occurring molecular forms of prolactin, including a monomer, a non-glycosylated form, and a glycosylated form.


Prolactin is glycosylated.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Glycosylated human prolactin (G-hPRL) was first isolated and purified from human pituitaries by Lewis et al., with an estimated molecular mass of 25,000 Da and an immunological and biological activity of 25–50% that of non-glycosylated hPRL. The presence of a unique and partially occupied glycosylation site in Asn-31 in human, monkey, ovine, porcine, dromedary, equine and whale PRL makes it an ideal model of glycosylation for N-glycan studies since it exhibits the simplest type of glycosylation macroheterogeneity, with an occupancy range of 10-30% of G-hPRL relative to the total hPRL of either pituitary or recombinant origin. It has been postulated that hPRL glycosylation might possibly modulate the bioactivity of the circulating pool of the hormone, perhaps by selectively down regulating PRL action at individual target tissues.

Physical form

This product is supplied as a solution in 0.2 μm filtered phosphate buffered saline with no additives or carrier proteins. It is aseptically filled.

Preparation Note

Briefly centrifuge the vial before opening. After initial thawing it is recommended to store the protein in working aliquots at -20°C. The product can be diluted in PBS.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

GHS08  GHS08
Signal word 
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
Flash Point(F) 
Not applicable
Flash Point(C) 
Not applicable


Certificate of Analysis (COA)

Please Enter a Lot Number

Certificate of Origin (COO)

Please Enter a Lot Number
Protocols & Articles
Peer-Reviewed Papers


Related Products

Technical Service:

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Bulk Ordering & Pricing:

Need larger quantities for your development, manufacturing or research applications?