EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND
T1912 Sigma-Aldrich

Paclitaxel

from Taxus yannanensis, powder

  • CAS Number 33069-62-4

  • Empirical Formula (Hill Notation) C47H51NO14

  • Molecular Weight 853.91

  •  Beilstein/REAXYS Number 1420457

  •  MDL number MFCD00869953

  •  PubChem Substance ID 24899998

  •  NACRES NA.77

Purchase

Properties

Related Categories Antibiotics, Antibiotics A to Z, Antibiotics N-S, Antibiotics by Application, Antibiotics by Mechanism of Action,
Quality Level   200
biological source   Taxus yannanensis
form   powder
color   white
mp   213 °C (dec.) (lit.)
solubility   DMSO: 50 mg/mL (can be stored frozen for several months)
  acetonitrile: soluble
  ethanol: soluble
  methanol: soluble (undergoes transesterification)
Mode of action   DNA synthesis | interferes
antibiotic activity spectrum   neoplastics
originator   Bristol-Myers Squibb
storage temp.   2-8°C
SMILES string   [H][C@@]12C[C@H](O)[C@@]3(C)C(=O)[C@H](OC(C)=O)C4=C(C)[C@H](C[C@@](O)([C@@H](OC(=O)c5ccccc5)[C@]3([H])[C@@]1(CO2)OC(C)=O)C4(C)C)OC(=O)[C@H](O)[C@@H](NC(=O)c6ccccc6)c7ccccc7
InChI   1S/C47H51NO14/c1-25-31(60-43(56)36(52)35(28-16-10-7-11-17-28)48-41(54)29-18-12-8-13-19-29)23-47(57)40(61-42(55)30-20-14-9-15-21-30)38-45(6,32(51)22-33-46(38,24-58-33)62-27(3)50)39(53)37(59-26(2)49)34(25)44(47,4)5/h7-21,31-33,35-38,40,51-52,57H,22-24H2,1-6H3,(H,48,54)/t31-,32-,33+,35-,36+,37+,38-,40-,45+,46-,47+/m0/s1
InChI key   RCINICONZNJXQF-MZXODVADSA-N
Gene Information   human ... BCL2(596), TUBA1A(7846), TUBA1B(10376), TUBA1C(84790), TUBA3C(7278), TUBA3E(112714), TUBA4A(7277), TUBB(203068), TUBB1(81027), TUBB2A(7280), TUBB2B(347733), TUBB3(10381), TUBB4A(10382), TUBB4B(10383), TUBB6(84617), TUBB8(347688)

Description

General description

Chemical structure: taxoide

Application

Paclitaxel has been used to study PREP2-tubulin interactions using coimmunoprecipitation assays on NIH3T3 cell extracts. This drug has also been used to stabilize tubulin obtained from pig brain.

Packaging

1, 5, 25 mg in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Paclitaxel is a potent anti-neoplastic and anti-mitotic taxane drug, which binds to the N-terminus of β-tubulin and and stabilizes microtubules arresting the cell cycle at the G2/M phase. The microtubule damage induces apoptosis through a JNK-dependent pathway followed by a JNK-independent pathway, perhaps related to the activation of protein kinase A (PKA) or of Raf-1 kinase, resulting in phosphorylation of Bcl-2. A major metabolite via CYP2CB is 6α-hydroxypaclitaxel (6α-OHP).

Features and Benefits

This compound is a featured product for ADME Tox research. Click here to discover more featured ADME Tox products. Learn more about bioactive small molecules for other areas of research at sigma.com/discover-bsm.

This compound was developed by Bristol-Myers Squibb. To browse the list of other pharma-developed compounds and Approved Drugs/Drug Candidates, click here.

Caution

Paclitaxel undergoes transesterification in methanol and hydrolyzes in aqueous solutions.

Preparation Note

Paclitaxel is soluble in DMSO at 50 mg/ml and can be stored frozen for several months. It is also soluble in methanol (undergoes transesterification), acetonitrile and ethanol. Paclitaxel is rapidly destroyed in weakly alkaline, methanolic solutions and in strongly acidic methanolic solutions (1:1 of methanol:concentrated HCl). It is also soluble in a mixture of 50% Cremophor EL and 50% anhydrous ethanol.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
GHS08  GHS08
Signal word 
Danger
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
WGK 3
RTECS 
DA8340700

Documents

Certificate of Analysis (COA)

Please Enter a Lot Number

Certificate of Origin (COO)

Please Enter a Lot Number
Protocols & Articles

Articles

Discover Bioactive Small Molecules for ADME/Tox

A significant number of drugs that fail in clinical trials have been associated with safety issues, including unexpected drug-drug interactions (DDI) or lack of efficacy due to poor pharmacokinetics....
Keywords: Absorption, Bioactive small molecules, Clinical, Metabolism

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

Related Products

Technical Service:

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Bulk Ordering & Pricing:

Need larger quantities for your development, manufacturing or research applications?