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A2264 Sigma-Aldrich

β-N-Acetylglucosaminidase from Canavalia ensiformis (Jack bean)

ammonium sulfate suspension, ≥10 units/mg protein

Synonym: β-N-Acetyl-D-hexosaminide N-acetylhexosaminohydrolase, β-N-Acetylhexosaminidase

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Description

Application

β -N-acetylglucosaminidase is a lysosomal enzyme used to hydrolyze N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminides and N-acetyl-β-Dgalactosaminides. It is used in chemoenzymatic synthesis of oligosaccharides based on their effective transglycosylation of β-GlcNAc and β-GalNAcc. It may be a useful tool to study Alzheimer’s Disease . Acetylglucosaminidase from Canavalia ensiformis has been used to study enzymic detachment of biofilms .

Biochem/physiol Actions

This enzyme, sometimes called β-N-acetylhexosaminidase, is reported to liberate terminal β-linked N-acetylglucosamine and N-acetylgalactosamine from a variety of substrates. The activity of β-N-actylglucosaminidase may be determined with the chromogenic substrate p-nitrophenyl-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminide. β-N-actylglucosaminidase hydrolyzes the terminal nonreducing N-acetyl-D-hexosamine residues. This enzyme contains two predominant isozymes, Hex A, a heterodimer, and Hex B, a homodimer. N-acetylglucosamine, acetamide, N-2-acetamido-2-deoyglucosylamine, N-acetylnojirimycin, and N-acetyldeoxynojirmycin are known inhibitors.

This enzyme, sometimes called β-N-acetylhexosaminidase, is reported to liberate terminal β-linked N-acetylglucosamine and N-acetylgalactosamine from a variety of substrates.

Unit Definition

One unit will hydrolyze 1.0 μmole of p-nitrophenyl N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminide to p-nitrophenol and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine per min at pH 5.0 at 25 °C.

Physical form

Suspension in 2.5 M (NH4)2SO4, pH 7.0

Analysis Note

At pH 4.0, p-nitrophenyl β-N-acetylgalactosaminide is hydrolyzed at approximately 50% of the rate of hydrolysis of p-nitrophenyl β-N-acetylglucosaminide at pH 5.0.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
WGK 3
Flash Point(F) 
Not applicable
Flash Point(C) 
Not applicable

Documents

Certificate of Analysis (COA)

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Certificate of Origin (COO)

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Protocols & Articles

Articles

Ammonium Sulfate Suspensions - Technical Note

Note that for an ammonium sulfate suspension, most of the enzyme will be in solid form. It is likely that only negligible amounts of enzyme will be in the ammonium sulfate solution.
Keywords: Enzyme activity

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Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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inhibitor

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A0500 Acetamide, ~99% (GC)

substrate

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M2133 4-Methylumbelliferyl N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminide, β-N-acetylhexosaminidase substrate
N9376 4-Nitrophenyl N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminide, ≥99% (TLC)
N4006 Naphthol AS-BI N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminide, β-hexosaminidase substrate

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