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A8800 Sigma-Aldrich

Alprazolam

Synonym: 8-Chloro-1-methyl-6-phenyl-4H-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a][1,4]benzodiazepine

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Properties

Related Categories A-AM, Additional Standards, Analytical Standards, Analytical/Chromatography, Approved Therapeutics/Drug Candidates,
Quality Level   200
drug control   USDEA Schedule IV; Home Office Schedule 4.1; psychotrope (France); kontrollierte Droge in Deutschland; regulated under CDSA - not available from Sigma-Aldrich Canada; psicótropo (Spain); Decreto Lei 15/93: Tabela IV (Portugal)
application(s)   HPLC: suitable
  gas chromatography (GC): suitable
solubility   H2O: insoluble
  methanol: soluble
Featured Industry   Forensics and Toxicology
Pharmaceutical (small molecule)
Veterinary
originator   Johnson & Johnson
SMILES string   Cc1nnc2CN=C(c3ccccc3)c4cc(Cl)ccc4-n12
InChI   1S/C17H13ClN4/c1-11-20-21-16-10-19-17(12-5-3-2-4-6-12)14-9-13(18)7-8-15(14)22(11)16/h2-9H,10H2,1H3
InChI key   VREFGVBLTWBCJP-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Gene Information   human ... GABRA1(2554), GABRA2(2555), GABRA3(2556), GABRA4(2557), GABRA5(2558), GABRA6(2559), GABRB1(2560), GABRB2(2561), GABRB3(2562), GABRD(2563), GABRE(2564), GABRG1(2565), GABRG2(2566), GABRG3(2567), GABRP(2568), GABRQ(55879)

Description

General description

Alprazolam is a triazole-containing benzodiazepine that is related to diazepam and other 1,4-benxodiazepines. Like other benzodiazepines, Alprazolam is a GABAergic agonist that modulates GABAA receptors. GABAA receptors in the central nervous system are ligand-gated ion channels that are bound by the stimulatory neurotransmitter GABA; binding of this ligand allows ion movement through the channel and results in neurotransmission inhibition.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Alprazolam binds the GABAA receptor at the benzodiazepine site, which is different than the ligand-binding site at which GABA binds. Alprazolam has been shown to be an anxiolytic (anti-anxiety agent) as well as having anticonvulsant, muscle relaxant and antidepressant activity.

Features and Benefits

This compound is a featured product for Neuroscience research. Click here to discover more featured Neuroscience products. Learn more about bioactive small molecules for other areas of research at sigma.com/discover-bsm.

This compound is featured on the GABAA Receptors page of the Handbook of Receptor Classification and Signal Transduction. To browse other handbook pages, click here.

This compound was developed by Johnson & Johnson. To browse the list of other pharma-developed compounds and Approved Drugs/Drug Candidates, click here.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
GHS07  GHS07
Signal word 
Warning
Hazard statements 
Personal Protective Equipment 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
WGK 3
RTECS 
XZ5473000
Flash Point(F) 
Not applicable
Flash Point(C) 
Not applicable

Documents

Certificate of Analysis (COA)

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Certificate of Origin (COO)

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Protocols & Articles

Articles

Discover Bioactive Small Molecules for Neuroscience

The nervous system, comprised of the brain and spinal cord (central nervous system, or CNS) and network of nerves that connects the CNS to the rest of the body (peripheral nervous system, or PNS) is ...
Keywords: Bioactive small molecules, Central Nervous System, Diseases, Metabolism, Neurodegenerative Diseases, Neuroscience, Neurotransmission, Neurotransmitters

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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