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A9251 Sigma-Aldrich

Adenosine

≥99%

Synonym: 9-β-D-Ribofuranosyladenine, Adenine riboside, Adenine-9-β-D-ribofuranoside

  • CAS Number 58-61-7

  • Empirical Formula (Hill Notation) C10H13N5O4

  • Molecular Weight 267.24

  •  Beilstein Registry Number 93029

  •  EC Number 200-389-9

  •  MDL number MFCD00005752

  •  eCl@ss 32160413

  •  PubChem Substance ID 24277685

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Description

Packaging

1, 5, 25, 100 g in poly bottle

Application

Adenosine has been used:
• as a supplement in embryonic type culture medium for in vitro osteogenic differentiation
• for evaluation of its effect on cell survival by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT assay) and cell proliferation by 3H-thymidine incorporation assay in multi drug resistant glioblastoma stem-like cells (GSCs), and as a standard in high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC).
• as a constituent in collagenase solution for the collagenase digestion of mice fat tissue.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Endogenous neurotransmitter at adenosine receptors. Cardioprotective effects may relate to activation of A1 adenosine receptors. The antiplatelet and anti−inflammatory actions of adenosine appear to be mediated via the A2 adenosine receptor. In contrast, adenosine appears to be a pro-inflammatory mediator in asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Features and Benefits

This compound is a featured product for Cyclic Nucleotide research. Click here to discover more featured Cyclic Nucleotide products. Learn more about bioactive small molecules for other areas of research at sigma.com/discover-bsm.

This compound is also offered as part of Sigma′s Library of Pharmacologically Active Compounds (LOPAC®1280), a biologically annotated collection of high-quality, ready-to-screen compounds. Click here to learn more.

This compound is featured on the Adenylyl cyclases and Phosphoinositide Kinases pages of the Handbook of Receptor Classification and Signal Transduction. To browse other handbook pages, click here.

General description

In the extracellular space, ecto-5′-nucleotidase (CD73) dephosphorylates adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to produce adenosine. Adenosine has four receptors namely A1R, A2AR A2BR and A3R. Adenosine plays a key role in the osteogenic differentiation. A1R induces osteoclast differentiation and A2AR induces osteoblast differentiation.

Legal Information

LOPAC is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
2
Protocols & Articles

Articles

Discover Bioactive Small Molecules for Cyclic Nucleotides

Transmission of an extracellular signal across the cell membrane is initiated by activation of many types of hormone and neurotransmitter receptors, such as G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs), and c...
Keywords: Antivirals, Cancer, Cardiovascular, Cellular processes, Diabetes, Diseases, Hormones, Neurotransmitters

MSMLS Online Plate Map

Metabolite descriptors included with the software download upon purchase of the product include: Name, Parent CID, molecular formula, molecular weight, CAS, ChEBI, HMDB ID, PubChem Compound and Subst...
Keywords: Mass spectrometry, Metabolites

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Substituted indoles and purines have frequently been referred to as “privileged structures” since they are capable of binding to multiple receptors with high affinity, and thus have applications acro...
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Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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