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A9415 Sigma-Aldrich

Actinomycin D

from Streptomyces sp., suitable for cell culture, ≥95%

Synonym: Actinomycin C1, Actinomycin IV, Dactinomycin

  • CAS Number 50-76-0

  • Empirical Formula (Hill Notation) C62H86N12O16

  • Molecular Weight 1255.42

  •  Beilstein Registry Number 605235

  •  EC Number 200-063-6

  •  MDL number MFCD00005033

  •  PubChem Substance ID 24891447

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Properties

Related Categories A - K, Antibacterial, Antibiotics, Antibiotics A to Z, Antibiotics by Application,
Quality Level   PREMIUM
biological source   Streptomyces sp.
InChI Key   RJURFGZVJUQBHK-IIXSONLDSA-N
assay   ≥95%
form   powder
color   red, powder
mp   251-253
solubility   ethanol, DMSO: soluble (Stable in aqueous solutions at 2-8 °C.)
suitability   suitable for cell culture
Mode of action   DNA synthesis | interferes
antibiotic activity spectrum   neoplastics
storage temp.   2-8°C

Description

Application

Actinomycin D is an antineoplastic antibiotic that inhibits cell proliferation with wide-ranging applications ranging from a selection agent in cell culture, use in studies of suppressing HIV-replication and programmed cell death of PC12 cells, and as an antibiotic in treatment of various malignant neoplasms, including Wilm′s tumour and the sarcomas. Recommended for us in cell culture applications at 1μg/mL.

Caution

This product is hygroscopic and light-sensitive. If stored protected from light and moisture at 2-8°C, it remains unchanged, by HPLC testing, for at least 15 months. Unused dilute solutions of Actinomycin D are extremely sensitive to light and tend to adsorb to plastic and glass and should be discarded. However, frozen aliquots of concentrated stock solution are stable for at least a month.

Packaging

2, 5, 10, 25 mg in glass bottle

Preparation Note

Actinomycin D is sold as red, shiny crystals and is soluble in acetonitrilie or acetone at 10 mg/mL and in DMSO at a minimum of 1 mg/mL. Some references also show slight solubility in water of 0.5 mg/mL.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Actinomycin D inhibits the proliferation of cells by forming a stable complex with double-stranded DNA, inhibiting DNA-primed RNA synthesis and causing single-stranded breaks in DNA. It has been shown to be an inhibitor of the minus-strand transfer step in reverse transcriptase.

General description

Chemical structure: peptide

Other Notes

Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Keep in a dry place.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
GHS06  GHS06
Signal word 
Danger
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
RIDADR 
UN 3462 6.1 / PGII
WGK Germany 
3
RTECS 
AU1575000

Frequently Asked Questions

Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?
If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis.
How do I get lot-specific information or a Certificate of Analysis?
The lot specific COA document can be found by entering the lot number above under the "Documents" section.
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What is the Department of Transportation shipping information for this product?
Transportation information can be found in Section 14 of the product's (M)SDS.To access the shipping information for this material, use the link on the product detail page for the product.
How do you recommend dissolving Product No. A9415 (Actinomycin D)?
Stock solutions of this product may be prepared at 10 mg/mL in either ethanol (EtOH) or dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO).
How long are stock solutions of Actinomycin D (Product No. A9415) stable?
Stock solutions of this product in DMSO or ethanol should be stored in foil-wrapped vials at -20 °C. In DMSO, solution can be stored for up to 1 month at -20 °C. Do not store in glass vials.
What is the working concentration for Actinomycin D (Product No. A9415)?
For cell culture applications, actinomycin D is used as a selection agent and is used in banding techniques to differentiate between different regions of chromosomes. Suggested working concentrations is 1 μg/mL.
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