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B9311 Sigma-Aldrich

BIX 01294 trihydrochloride hydrate

≥98% (HPLC), powder

Synonym: 2-(Hexahydro-4-methyl-1H-1,4-diazepin-1-yl)-6,7-dimethoxy-N-[1-(phenylmethyl)-4-piperidinyl]-4-quinazolinamine trihydrochloride hydrate, BIX 01294

  • Empirical Formula (Hill Notation) C28H38N6O2·3HCl · xH2O

  • Molecular Weight 600.02 (anhydrous basis)

  •  NACRES NA.77



General description

BIX-01294, a diazepin-quinazolinamine derivative, is a histone-lysine methyltransferase (HMTase) inhibitor that modulates the epigenetic status of chromatin. BIX-01294 inhibits the G9aHMTase dependent levels of histone-3 lysine (9) methylation (H3K9me). Bix-01294 and valproic acid, a histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor, may replace the requirement for ectopic OCT4 (POU5F1) and cMyc respectively in pluripotent stem cell induction (iPS) recipes.


BIX 01294 trihydrochloride hydrate has been used:
• as a histone methylation inhibitor to treat E4 cells for analysing green fluorescent protein (d2EGFP) expression
• to investigate the role of G9a in neuroblastoma tumor growth
• as specific inhibitor of G9a to treat the SK-N-AS, BE(2)-C, SK-N-DZ, SK-N-F1, and SHEP1 neuroblastoma cell lines


5, 25 mg in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

BIX 01294 is a selective histone methyl transferase inhibitor. In its inhibition of the histone lysine methyltransferases, BIX 01294 does not compete with cofactor S-adenosyl-methionine. The target enzyme is G9a, and it selectively impairs G9a HMTase and the generation of H3K9me2 in vitro.

Features and Benefits

This compound is a featured product for Gene Regulation research. Click here to discover more featured Gene Regulation products. Learn more about bioactive small molecules for other areas of research at sigma.com/discover-bsm.

This compound is also offered as part of Sigma′s Library of Pharmacologically Active Compounds (LOPAC®1280), a biologically annotated collection of high-quality, ready-to-screen compounds. Click here to learn more.

Other Notes

BIX-01294 has been expertly reviewed and recommended by the Chemical Probes Portal. For more information, please visit the BIX-01294 probe summary on the Chemical Probes Portal website.

Legal Information

LOPAC is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Personal Protective Equipment 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
Flash Point(F) 
Not applicable
Flash Point(C) 
Not applicable


Certificate of Analysis (COA)

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Protocols & Articles


Discover Bioactive Small Molecules for Gene Regulation

The loss of regulation of gene expression is a key component to many human disease states, including neurodegenerative disorders, autoimmune conditions and, most prominently, cancers. Regulation of g...
Keywords: Acetylations, Epigenetics, Gene expression, Genomics, Methylations, PAGE, Post translational modifications, Transcription

Histone Modification and Chromatin Remodeling

Gene expression is governed by complex mechanisms including transcription factor binding to DNA and coordinated changes in chromatin structure. The primary protein components of chromatin are the his...
Savita Bagga, PhD.
BioFiles v7 n3, 2012, 10–16
Keywords: Acetylations, Amplification, Cancer, Cell culture, Chromatin immunoprecipitation, Cloning, DNA purification, Diseases, Epigenetics, Gene expression, Immunoprecipitation, Indicators, Methylations, Microarray Analysis, Polymerase chain reaction, Polymerase chain reaction - quantitative, Polymorphisms, Purification, Sequencing, Transcription, Whole genome amplification

Peer-Reviewed Papers


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