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C0150 Sigma-Aldrich

Cathepsin B from human placenta

lyophilized powder, ≥5 units/mg protein

Synonym: Cathepsin B1



General description

Cathepsin B is encoded by the gene CTSB and is located in the human chromosome at 8p23.1. Cathepsin B is a lysosomal proteolytic enzyme of cysteine protease family. It is present in all mammalian cells. It is essential for the intracellular protein turnover.


Cathepsin B from human placenta has been used in the in vitro digestion of modified myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG). It has also been used in determining the effect of cysteine protease inhibitors.

Cathepsin B is a lysosomal cysteine proteinase which hydrolyzes proteins with a broad specificity for peptide bonds. Cathepsin B may be a useful tool in Alzheimer’s research, as it may have a role in the natural defense against the disease . Cathepsin B may be used to cleave procaspase 1 and procaspase 11, and to induce apoptosis in digitonin-permeabilized cells.


2, 10 units in serum bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Cathepsin B preferentially cleaves at the caboxyl side of Arg-Arg bonds in small molecule substrates. Cathepsin B has been shown to degrade β-amyloid precursor protein into harmless fragments . Cathepsin B inhibition has been shown to limit bone metastasis in breast cancer .

Cathepsin B has been found to cleave procaspase 1 and procaspase 11 and to induce apoptosis in digitonin-permeabilized cells. Translocation of cathepsin B from the cytoplasm to the nucleus contributes to bile salt induced apoptosis of rat hepatocytes. Levels of cathepsin B in PC12 cells significantly decrease 12 to 24 hours after apoptosis is induced.

Unit Definition

One unit will liberate 1 nanomole of 7-amino-4-methylcoumarin from Z-Arg-Arg 7-amido-4-methylcoumarin per min at pH 6.0 at 40 °C.

Physical form

Lyophilized powder containing phosphate buffer salts

Preparation Note

Dissolves in water at 1 mg/mL concentration, yieliding a clear solution.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 


Certificate of Analysis


Certificate of Origin


Milli-Q® Water Purification Solutions
Protocols & Articles


Enzymatic Assay of Cathepsin B

This procedure applies to all products that have a specification for Cathepsin B activity, such as Sigma-Aldrich Product Numbers C0150 and C8571, determined by the liberation of 7-amino-4-methylcouma...
Keywords: Enzyme activity, Enzymology

Related Content

Enzymes & Proteins

Application Index | Enzyme Index | Substrate Index | Inhibitor Index | Cofactor Index | Lectin Index
Keywords: Cell signaling, Diagnostic, Drug discovery, Metabolomics, Molecular biology

Peer-Reviewed Papers


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