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C2366 Sigma-Aldrich

Anti-K+/Cl- Cotransporter (KCC2) antibody produced in rabbit

IgG fraction of antiserum, buffered aqueous solution

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Properties

Related Categories Alphabetical Index, Antibodies, Antibodies for Cell Biology, Antibodies to Drug Transport Proteins, Antibodies to Ion Channels,
conjugate   unconjugated
clone   polyclonal
biological source   rabbit
application(s)   western blot: 0.5-2.0 μg/mL using rat brain membrane preparation
species reactivity   canine, rat
form   buffered aqueous solution
shipped in   dry ice
storage temp.   −20°C
antibody form   IgG fraction of antiserum
antibody product type   primary antibodies
UniProt accession no.   Q63633
Gene Information   rat ... Slc12a5(171373)

Description

General description

Transporters and exchangers play a critical role in the generation and dissipation of action potentials in nerve cells and in the maintenance of normal cell volume. They are also involved in a variety of mechanisms pertaining to the control of neuronal growth, maturation, synaptic plasticity and neuroendocrine functions
The cation-chloride cotransporters (CCCs) are glycoproteins involved in transport of ions, including chloride, across the cell membrane without an accompanying net charge movement; thus this type of transport is driven without the direct hydrolysis of ATP. The energy for the transport is derived from the cation gradient generated by the Na+/K+/ATPase. The CCCs also play a critical role in influencing GABA- and glycine-mediated signaling. Other transporters that participate in chloride homeostasis include Na+-dependent and Na+-independent anion exchangers, which exchange chloride for HCO3- ions
Three cotransporters belonging to this family include sodiumchloride( Na+/Cl-/ ) cotransporters (NCCs), sodiumpotassium-chloride (Na+/K+/2Cl-) cotransporters (NKCCs) and potassium-chloride (K+/Cl-) cotransporters (KCCs). K+/Cl- cotransporter (KCC2) is the major neuronal chloride transporter. It has been proposed to play a role in the modulation of neuronal responses to γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA). GABA-mediated fasthyperpolarizing inhibition depends on extrusion of chloride by KCC2 In conditions of neuronal damage, where neuronal excitability is increased, and in spinal cord in models of neuropathic pain, the expression of the KCC2 transporter is decreased

Specificity

Anti-K+/Cl- Cotransporter (KCC2) specifically recognizes K+/Cl- cotransporter. Wide range of species cross-reactivity expected due to sequence homology.

Wide range of species cross-reactivity expected due to sequence homology.

Immunogen

N-terminal His-tag fusion protein corresponding to residues 932-1043 of rat K+/Cl- Cotransporter (KCC2).

Application

Anti-K+/Cl- Cotransporter (KCC2) specifically recognizes K+/Cl- cotransporter in rat brain membrane preparations by immunoblotting and Madin Darby Canine Kidney (MDCK) cells by immunocytochemistry.

Applications in which this antibody has been used successfully, and the associated peer-reviewed papers, are given below.
Immunocytochemistry (1 paper)

Target description

Anti-K+/Cl- Cotransporter (KCC2) specifically recognizes K+/Cl- cotransporter (KCC2). The cation-chloride cotransporters (CCCs) are glycoproteins involved in transport of ions, includingchloride, across the ce

Disclaimer

Unless otherwise stated in our catalog or other company documentation accompanying the product(s), our products are intended for research use only and are not to be used for any other purpose, which includes but is not limited to, unauthorized commercial uses, in vitro diagnostic uses, ex vivo or in vivo therapeutic uses or any type of consumption or application to humans or animals.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
1
Protocols & Articles

Articles

Antibody Basics

Immunoglobulins (Igs) are produced by B lymphocytes and secreted into plasma. The Ig molecule in monomeric form is a glycoprotein with a molecular weight of approximately 150 kDa that is shaped more ...
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Protocols

Western Blot Protocol | Immunoblotting Protocol

Western Blotting refers to the electrophoretic transfer of proteins from sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gels to sheets of PVDF or nitrocellullose membrane, followed by immunodetection of prote...
Keywords: AGE, Buffers, Cell disruption, Detection methods, Detergents, Dialysis, Electroblotting, Electrophoresis, Enzyme activity, Gel electrophoresis, Immunoprecipitation, PAGE, Protein extraction, Purification, Sample preparations, Western blot

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Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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