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C4014 Sigma-Aldrich

ι-Carrageenan

Type V

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Properties

Related Categories Biochemicals and Reagents, Carbohydrates, Carbohydrates A to Z, Carbohydrates A-C, Polysaccharide More...
type   Type V
form   powder
InChI   1S/C24H38O31S4/c25-1-5-12(52-56(31,32)33)9(27)10(28)22(46-5)49-14-8-4-44-18(14)20(55-59(40,41)42)24(48-8)51-16-11(29)23(47-6(2-26)15(16)53-57(34,35)36)50-13-7-3-43-17(13)19(21(30)45-7)54-58(37,38)39/h5-30H,1-4H2,(H,31,32,33)(H,34,35,36)(H,37,38,39)(H,40,41,42)/p-4/t5-,6-,7-,8-,9-,10-,11-,12+,13+,14+,15+,16-,17+,18+,19-,20-,21+,22+,23+,24-/m1/s1
InChI key   QIDSWKFAPCTSKL-RRQHLKGPSA-J

Description

General description

Carrageenans are mucopolysaccharides from the cell walls of the red algae. They are anionic linear polymers composed of 1,3α-1,4β-galactans having one (κ-), two (ι-) or three (λ-) sulfates per disaccharide unit. In ionic solutions, κ- and ι-carrageenans self-associate into helical structures that form rigid or flexible gels, respectively. λ-carrageenans do not form helices and are non-gelling. Carrageenans are used commercially as thickeners and stabilizing agents.

Application

Carrageenans are used to suppress immune response in vivo and in vitro via mechanisms believed to involve selective cytopathic effect on macrophages. As ι-, κ-,and λ-carrageenans have varying degress of sulfation, they may be studied comparatively for differences in protective, antiviral, and immunosuppression activities.

Preparation Note

Prepared from a single species to produce essentially pure ι-carrageenan. Forms flexible and compliant gels.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Personal Protective Equipment 
WGK Germany 
2

Documents

Certificate of Analysis (COA)

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Certificate of Origin (COO)

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Protocols & Articles
Peer-Reviewed Papers
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References

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