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C4045 Sigma

Chondroitin disaccharide Δdi-4S sodium salt

Synonym: α-ΔUA-[1→3]-GalNAc-4S



Other Notes

ΔUA = 4-deoxy-L-threo-hex-4-enopyranosyluronic acid; GalNAc = N-acetyl-D-galactosamine; 4S = 4-sulfate


10 mg in poly bottle

5 mg in glass bottle


Chondroitin disaccharide Δdi-4S may be used as a substrate for the identification and characterization of enzymes such as Clostridium perfringens unsaturated glucuronyl hydrolase. Chondroitin disaccharide Δdi-4S may be used as a reference compound in the analysis of chondroitin disaccharide sulfates.

General description

Chondroitin, a glucosaminoglycan (GAG), is a polysaccharide chain of alternating units of N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc) and glucuronic acid (GlcA) that can be sulfated on the either or both GalNAc and GlcA units. Chondroitin and its sulfates are frequently attached to proteins to form proteoglycans.

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Protocols & Articles


Chondroitinase for Neural Regeneration Research

The spinal cord is the information highway system for the brain. And axons are the road that allows information data to be transferred. So, when a traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) occurs and axons ...
Keywords: Catalysis, Cell culture, Degradations, High performance liquid chromatography, Immunofluorescence, PAGE

Glycosaminoglycan Sulfation and Signaling

Glycosaminoglycans are large linear polysaccharides constructed of repeating disaccharide units. The disaccharide units that are the basis of all glycosaminoglycans (except keratan) are a combination...
Vicki Caligur
BioFiles 2008, 3.10, 4.
Keywords: Adhesion, Aminations, Angiogenesis, Anticoagulants, Apoptosis, Atomic absorption spectroscopy, Cancer, Cell biology, Cell proliferation, Cell signaling, Cellular processes, Central Nervous System, Chromatography, Coagulation, Degradations, Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Epimerizations, Gene expression, Genetic, Genomics, Growth factors, Help, High performance liquid chromatography, Inflammation, Ion-exchange chromatography, Ligands, Mass spectrometry, Methods, Microarray Analysis, Morphogenesis, Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, Phosphorylations, Polymerase chain reaction, Polymerization reactions, Proteomics, Reductive aminations, Sequences, Spectroscopy, Sulfations, Transcription, Type, transformation

Peer-Reviewed Papers


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