• USA Home
  • C8649 - Cholesterol Oxidase from Streptomyces sp.

EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND
C8649 Sigma-Aldrich

Cholesterol Oxidase from Streptomyces sp.

lyophilized powder, ≥20 units/mg protein

Synonym: Cholesterol: oxygen oxidoreductase

Purchase

Properties

Related Categories 1.1.x.x Acting on hydroxyl groups, 1.x.x.x Oxidoreductases, Application Index, Biochemicals and Reagents, Cell Biology,
Quality Level   200
form   lyophilized powder
mol wt   ~34 kDa
composition   protein, 55-65% biuret
solubility   50 mM potassium phosphate buffer, pH 7.0: soluble (Cold)
shipped in   dry ice
storage temp.   −20°C

Description

General description

Cholesterol Oxidase produced from Streptomyces sp corresponds to a molecular weight of 62 kDa. It has a pH and temperature optimum of 7 and 37 °C, respectively. Cholesterol Oxidase comprises a FAD-binding and a steroid-binding domain.

Application

Cholesterol oxidase from Streptomyces has been used in a study to assess the relationship between the micellar structure of model bile and the activity of esterase. Cholesterol oxidase from Streptomyces has also been used in a study to investigate the effects of sphingomyelin degradation on cell cholesterol oxidizability and steady-state distribution between the cell surface and the cell interior.

Cholesterol oxidase is used to determine serum cholesterol. The enzyme also finds application in the microanalysis of steroids in food samples and in distinguishing 3-ketosteroids from 3β-hydroxysteroids. Transgenic plants expressing cholesterol oxidase are being investigated in the fight against the cotton boll weevil. CHOD has also been used as a molecular probe to elucidate cellular membrane structures.

Packaging

100, 250 units in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Cholesterol Oxidase from microorganisms use cholesterol for carbon and energy. It is useful in diagnostic assays involving cholesterol, especially in lipid disorders. Cholesterol oxidase has an insecticidal property and aids protection against boll weevil larvae. The Streptomyces sp cholesterol oxidase has long shelf-life with good performance.

Cholesterol oxidase (CHOD) is a monomeric flavoprotein containing FAD that catalyzes the first step in cholesterol catabolism. This bifunctional enzyme oxidizes cholesterol to cholest-5-en-3-one in an FAD-requiring step, which is then isomerized to cholest-4-en-3-one with the release of H2O2.

Physical properties

Isoelectric point : 5.1 ± 0.1 and 5.4 ± 0.1
Michaelis constant : 4.3 x 10‾5M(Cholesterol)
Inhibitors : Ionic detergents, Hg++, Ag+
Optimum pH : 6.5 − 7.0
Optimum temperature : 45 – 50°C
pH Stability : pH 5.0 – 10.0 (25°C, 20hr)
Thermal stability : Below 45°C (pH 7.0, 15min)

Unit Definition

One unit will convert 1.0 μmole of cholesterol to 4-cholesten-3-one per min at pH 7.5 at 25 °C. Note: 4-cholesten-3-one may undergo isomerization.

Physical form

lyophilized powder containing bovine serum albumin and sugars as stabilizers

Preparation Note

CHOD is soluble in cold 50 mM potassium phosphate buffer, pH 7.0. Prepare solutions immediately before use.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Personal Protective Equipment 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
WGK 3
Flash Point(F) 
Not applicable
Flash Point(C) 
Not applicable

Documents

Certificate of Analysis (COA)

Please Enter a Lot Number

Certificate of Origin (COO)

Please Enter a Lot Number
Protocols & Articles

Protocols

Assay Procedure for Cholesterol Oxidase

The appearance of quinoneimine dye formed when coupled with 4-aminoantipyrine and phenol is measured at 500nm by spectrophotometry.
Keywords: Atomic absorption spectroscopy, Extinction coefficient

Enzymatic Assay of Cholesterol Oxidase

To standardize a procedure for the determination of the enzymatic assay of Cholesterol Oxidase.
Keywords: Enzyme activity, Extinction coefficient, Isomerizations

Related Content

Enzymes & Proteins

Committed to developing and providing breakthrough problem-solving reagents and solutions, explore our comprehensive offering of enzymes and protein reagents and kits with the confidence that you wil...
Keywords: Cell signaling, Diagnostic, Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Immunohistochemistry, Metabolism, Molecular biology, Purification, Western blot

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

Related Products

Technical Service:

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Bulk Ordering & Pricing:

Need larger quantities for your development, manufacturing or research applications?