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D0899 Sigma-Aldrich

Diazepam

Synonym: 7-Chloro-1-methyl-5-phenyl-3H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2(1H)-one, Ro 5-2807

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Properties

Related Categories Approved Therapeutics/Drug Candidates, Benzodiazepines and Anxiolytics, Bioactive Small Molecule Alphabetical Index, Bioactive Small Molecules, Cell Biology,
InChI Key   AAOVKJBEBIDNHE-UHFFFAOYSA-N
drug control   USDEA Schedule IV; Home Office Schedule 4.1; psychotrope; kontrollierte Droge in Deutschland; regulated under CDSA - not available from Sigma-Aldrich Canada; psicótropo (Spain); Decreto Lei 15/93: Tabela IV (Portugal)
solubility   45% (w/v) aq 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin: 1.6 mg/mL
  DMF: soluble
  H2O: slightly soluble
  ethanol: soluble
originator   Roche
Gene Information   human ... GABRA1(2554), GABRA2(2555), GABRA3(2556), GABRA5(2558), GABRA6(2559)
rat ... Gabra1(29705), Gabra2(29706)

Description

Application

Diazepam has been used:
•  as an anxiolyte in pilocarpine protocol.
•  in multi-electrode array (MEA) technology
•  as a marker for human serum albumin

Biochem/physiol Actions

Diazepam is a benzodiazepine anxiolytic agent. It serves as a prototype ligand for the GABAA receptor benzodiazepine modulatory site.

Diazepam is often used as a sedative. Its metabolism involves cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C19 and 3A4. Diazepam has immediate action upon administration.

Features and Benefits

This compound is a featured product for Neuroscience research. Click here to discover more featured Neuroscience products. Learn more about bioactive small molecules for other areas of research at sigma.com/discover-bsm.

This compound is featured on the GABAA Receptors page of the Handbook of Receptor Classification and Signal Transduction. To browse other handbook pages, click here.

This compound was developed by Roche. To browse the list of other pharma-developed compounds and Approved Drugs/Drug Candidates, click here.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
GHS06  GHS06
Signal word 
Danger
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
Personal Protective Equipment 
RIDADR 
UN 2811 6.1 / PGIII
WGK Germany 
2
RTECS 
DF1575000

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

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Milli-Q® Water Purification Solutions
Protocols & Articles

Articles

Discover Bioactive Small Molecules for Neuroscience

The nervous system, comprised of the brain and spinal cord (central nervous system, or CNS) and network of nerves that connects the CNS to the rest of the body (peripheral nervous system, or PNS) is ...
Keywords: Bioactive small molecules, Central Nervous System, Diseases, Metabolism, Neurodegenerative Diseases, Neuroscience, Neurotransmission, Neurotransmitters

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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