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D9035 Sigma-Aldrich

Diazoxide

Synonym: 7-Chloro-3-methyl-2H-1,2,4-benzothiadiazine 1,1-dioxide

  • CAS Number 364-98-7

  • Empirical Formula (Hill Notation) C8H7ClN2O2S

  • Molecular Weight 230.67

  •  EC Number 206-668-1

  •  MDL number MFCD00078578

  •  PubChem Substance ID 24277831

  •  NACRES NA.77

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Properties

Related Categories Approved Therapeutics/Drug Candidates, Bioactive Small Molecule Alphabetical Index, Bioactive Small Molecules, Cell Biology, Cell Signaling and Neuroscience,
Quality Level   100
solubility   0.1 M NaOH: soluble
  H2O: insoluble
  methanol: soluble
originator   Schering Plough
storage temp.   room temp
SMILES string   CC1=Nc2ccc(Cl)cc2S(=O)(=O)N1
InChI   1S/C8H7ClN2O2S/c1-5-10-7-3-2-6(9)4-8(7)14(12,13)11-5/h2-4H,1H3,(H,10,11)
InChI key   GDLBFKVLRPITMI-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Gene Information   human ... KCNA1(3736), KCNJ11(3767), KCNJ8(3764), KCNMA1(3778)
mouse ... Kcnj1(56379), Kcnj11(16514)
rat ... Gria1(50592), Kcna1(24520), Kcnj1(24521), Kcnj11(83535), Kcnj8(25472)

Description

General description

Diazoxide is a nondiuretic benzothiadiazine, which is used for the treatment of hypoglycemia, von Gierke′s disease, acute and malignant hypertension. It acts as a beta cell KATP channel opener. Diazoxide prevents the secretion of insulin.

Application

Diazoxide has been used for diazoxide infusion. It has also been used to prevent depolarization for K+-induced exocytosis.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Selective ATP-sensitive K+ channel activator in both vascular smooth muscle and pancreatic β-cells; antihypertensive.

Features and Benefits

This compound is also offered as part of Sigma′s Library of Pharmacologically Active Compounds (LOPAC®1280), a biologically annotated collection of high-quality, ready-to-screen compounds. Click here to learn more.

This compound is featured on the Potassium Channels page of the Handbook of Receptor Classification and Signal Transduction. To browse other handbook pages, click here.

This compound was developed by Schering Plough. To browse the list of other pharma-developed compounds and Approved Drugs/Drug Candidates, click here.

Legal Information

LOPAC is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
GHS07  GHS07
Signal word 
Warning
Hazard statements 
Target organs 
Respiratory system
Personal Protective Equipment 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
WGK 3
RTECS 
DK8185000
Flash Point(F) 
Not applicable
Flash Point(C) 
Not applicable
Protocols & Articles

Articles

Discover Bioactive Small Molecules for Ion Channels Research

Ion transport across the relatively impermeable lipid bilayer of the cell membrane is accomplished via membrane proteins known as ion channels, pumps and transporters. Ion channels are gated pores an...
Keywords: Biological processes, Cell signaling, Diseases, Hormones, Ligands, Neurotransmitters

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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