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F3665 Sigma-Aldrich

Lipopolysaccharides from Escherichia coli O111:B4

FITC conjugate

Synonym: LPS



Related Categories Biochemicals and Reagents, Carbohydrates, Carbohydrates A to Z, Carbohydrates D-F, Complex Lipids,
Quality Level   200
biological source   Escherichia coli (O111:B4)
form   lyophilized powder
extent of labeling   2-10 μg FITC per mg LPS
solubility   H2O: soluble 4.90-5.10 mg/mL, faintly hazy to hazy, pale yellow to yellow
conjugate   FITC conjugate
storage temp.   2-8°C



FITC-Lipopolysaccharides (FITC-LPS) may be used to study processes such as the movement/transport of LPS across tissue barriers such as the colonic epithelium and cellular binding and internalization of lipopolysaccharides with fluorescence-based assay systems. It may be used to evaluate, qualify and quantify lipopolysaccharides (LPS) removal reagents and procedures. FITC-LPS conjugate may be used for the detection of LPA binding proteins and motifs.

Lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) are characteristic components of the cell wall of Gram-negative bacteria. LPS and its lipid A moiety stimulate cells of the innate immune system by the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), a member of the Toll-like receptor protein family, which recognizes common pathogen-associated molecular-patterns (PAMPs).

Biochem/physiol Actions

Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) are localized in the outer layer of the membrane and are, in noncapsulated strains, exposed on the cell surface. They contribute to the integrity of the outer membrane, and protect the cell against the action of bile salts and lipophilic antibiotics.

Preparation Note

The product is soluble in water (5 mg/ml) yielding a hazy, yellow to orange solution. Lipopolysaccharides are molecules that form micelles in every solvent. Hazy solutions are observed in water and phosphate buffered saline. Organic solvents do not give clearer solutions. Methanol yields a turbid suspension with floaters, while water yields a homogeneously hazy solution. For cell culture use, LPS should be reconstituted by adding 1 ml of sterile balanced salt solution or cell culture medium to a vial (1 mg) and swirling gently until the powder dissolves. Solutions can be further diluted to the desired working concentration with additional sterile balanced salt solutions or cell culture media.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

GHS06  GHS06
Signal word 
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
Personal Protective Equipment 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
Flash Point(F) 
Not applicable
Flash Point(C) 
Not applicable


Certificate of Analysis (COA)

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Protocols & Articles


Lipopolysaccharides (LPS)

Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) are characteristic components of the cell wall of Gram negative bacteria; they are not found in Gram positive bacteria. They are localized in the outer layer of the membrane...
Keywords: Adsorption, Antibiotics, Cell culture, Cell disruption, Chromatography, Culture media, Filtration, Immunology, Ion Exchange, Metabolism, Positron Emission Tomography, Purification, Size-exclusion chromatography, Solvents

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