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G4420 Sigma-Aldrich

Anti-GRP94 (C-terminal) antibody produced in rabbit

~1 mg/mL, affinity isolated antibody, buffered aqueous solution

Synonym: Anti-Endoplasmin precursor, Anti-Glucose Regulated Protein 94, Anti-Tumor Rejection Antigen 1, Anti-gp96

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Properties

Related Categories Alphabetical Index, Antibodies, Antibodies against Proteins, Bioactives, Markers, and Receptors for Stem Cell Biology, Antibodies against Proteins/Bioactives/Markers/Receptors for Stem Cell Biology, Antibodies for Epigenetics and Nuclear Signaling,
conjugate   unconjugated
clone   polyclonal
biological source   rabbit
application(s)   immunocytochemistry: suitable
  immunoprecipitation (IP): 10-20 μg using MDCK whole cell lysate
  indirect immunofluorescence: 2-4 μg/mL using HeLa cells
  microarray: suitable
  western blot: 0.5-1 μg/mL using whole cell extracts of HeLa, MDCK, and NIH3T3 cells
species reactivity   human, canine, mouse
mol wt   antigen 94 kDa
form   buffered aqueous solution
shipped in   dry ice
storage temp.   −20°C
antibody form   affinity isolated antibody
antibody product type   primary antibodies
concentration   ~1 mg/mL
UniProt accession no.   P14625
Gene Information   human ... HSP90B1(7184)
mouse ... Hsp90b1(22027)
rat ... Tra1(298957)

Description

Immunogen

synthetic peptide corresponding to amino acids 733-750 located near the C-terminus of human GRP94. This sequence is identical in mouse, rat, dog, porcine, and bovine GRP94 and highly conserved (1 amino acid substitutuion) in chicken.

Application

Anti-GRP94 (C-terminal) antibody produced in rabbit is suitable for immunoblotting at a working concentration of 0.5-1μg/mL using whole cell extracts of the human epitheloid carcinoma HeLa cells, Madin Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells, and mouse fibroblast NIH3T3 cells. It is also suitable for immunoprecipitation of GRP94 protein from a MDCK whole cell lysate at 10-20μg concentration.

Physical form

Solution in 0.01 M phosphate buffered saline, pH 7.4, containing 15 mM sodium azide.

Disclaimer

Unless otherwise stated in our catalog or other company documentation accompanying the product(s), our products are intended for research use only and are not to be used for any other purpose, which includes but is not limited to, unauthorized commercial uses, in vitro diagnostic uses, ex vivo or in vivo therapeutic uses or any type of consumption or application to humans or animals.

Biochem/physiol Actions

GRP94 (glucose-regulated protein 94) is involved in protein folding, sorting and secretion, and binding of immunogenic peptides. GRP94 has a role in peptide antigen presentation to major histocompatibility complex class I molecules of antigen presenting cells (APCs). It binds specifically to CD91 (α2-macroglobulin receptor), and possibly to the Toll-like receptors (TLRs) on the surface of APCs. Overexpression of GRP94 has been associated with cellular transformation and tumorigenesis.

GRPs are unresponsive to heat stress and are induced by stress related to glucose starvation or defects in glycoprotein processing, depletion of Ca2+ stores, acidosis, and hypoxia conditions that are also common in poorly vascularized tumor tissues.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
3

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

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Milli-Q® Water Purification Solutions
Protocols & Articles

Articles

Antibody Basics

Immunoglobulins (Igs) are produced by B lymphocytes and secreted into plasma. The Ig molecule in monomeric form is a glycoprotein with a molecular weight of approximately 150 kDa that is shaped more ...
Keywords: Affinity chromatography, Centrifugation, Chromatography, Digestions, Direct immunofluorescence, Gene expression, High performance liquid chromatography, Immunofluorescence, Ion Exchange, Microscopy, Precipitation, Purification, Rheumatology, Scanning electron microscopy

Protocols

Western Blot Protocol | Immunoblotting Protocol

Western Blotting refers to the electrophoretic transfer of proteins from sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gels to sheets of PVDF or nitrocellullose membrane, followed by immunodetection of prote...
Keywords: AGE, Buffers, Cell disruption, Detergents, Dialysis, Electroblotting, Electrophoresis, Enzyme activity, Gel electrophoresis, Immunoprecipitation, PAGE, Protein extraction, Purification, Sample preparations, Western blot

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Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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