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G4511 Sigma-Aldrich

β-Glucosidase from almonds

Green Alternative

lyophilized powder, 10-30 units/mg solid

Synonym: β-D-Glucoside glucohydrolase



Related Categories 3.2.x.x Glycosidases, 3.x.x.x Hydrolases, Application Index, Biochemicals and Reagents, Carbohydrate Hydrolysis,
Quality Level   200
form   lyophilized powder
specific activity   10-30 units/mg solid
mol wt   50-75 kDa
greener alternative product characteristics   Waste Prevention
Design for Energy Efficiency
Learn more about the Principles of Green Chemistry.
impurities   salt, essentially free
greener alternative category   Enabling
storage temp.   2-8°C


General description

We are committed to bringing you Greener Alternative Products, which adhere to one or more of The 12 Principles of Greener Chemistry. This product has been enhanced for energy efficiency and waste prevention when used in cellulosic ethanol research. For more information see the article in biofiles.

β-Glucosidase from almonds belongs to the family 1 of the glycoside hydrolases. Almonds contain prunasin hydrolases (PH) and amygdalin hydrolase. Nine types of PHs are associated with almonds. PHs have signal peptide sequence and correspond to molecular weight in the range 50 to 75 kDa. PHs also have ITENG, NEP and INKKGIEYY motifs conserved and have N-glycosylation sites.


β-Glucosidase from almonds has been used:
•  in enzyme inhibition studies by 1,5-dideoxy-1,5-imino-d-xylitol(DIX) derivates
• as a control in for comparison of soybean isofavone glycosides degradation by β-Glucosidase from Talaromyce leycettanus
• as a medium component during saccharification and fermentation of yeast

β-glucosidase is also used in the synthesis of glucosides and fucosides with various potential applications in pharmaceutical, cosmetic and detergent industries, hydrolytic removal of aglycone moiety from flavonoid and isoflavonoid glycosides, flavor enhancement of fruit juices and wine, and biosynthesis of oligosaccharides.


100, 250, 1000 units in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Prunasin hydrolase (PH) is a β-glucosidase that degrades prunasin to mandelonitrile and glucose. Amygdalin hydrolase hydrolyzes amygdalin to prunasin and glucose. β-Glucosidase is mesostable and is sensitive to temperature at 60 °C and above. It is highly sensitive to high pressure.

βglucosidase is involved in the hydrolysis of β-glycosidic bonds connecting carbohydrate residues in β-D-glycosides. They convert cellobiose and cellooligosaccharides produced by the endo and exoglucanases to glucose.

Unit Definition

One unit will liberate 1.0 μmole of glucose from salicin per min at pH 5.0 at 37 °C.

Preparation Note

Chromatographically purified

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

GHS08  GHS08
Signal word 
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
Personal Protective Equipment 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
Flash Point(F) 
Not applicable
Flash Point(C) 
Not applicable
Protocols & Articles


Fermentation: Enzymes, Substrates and SCFA

The influence of probiotics on the metabolic activity of intestinal microbiota may be evaulated by detecting bacterial enzymatic activity in fecal samples, specifically β-glucosidase, β-glucuronidase...
Chloe McClanahan
Biofiles Edition 6.2
Keywords: Absorption, Cancer, Carcinogens, Cell proliferation, Chromatography, Enzyme activity, Gas chromatography, Gastrointestinal, High performance liquid chromatography, Metabolites, Prebiotics, Probiotics, Thin layer chromatography

Probiotics and Human Health

At the beginning of the 20th century, probiotics were thought to have a beneficial effect to the host by improving the intestinal microbial balance. Through his studies and observations, the Russian ...
Chloe McClanahan
BioFiles Edition 6.2
Keywords: AGE, Absorption, Adhesion, Amplification, Anaerobic, Antimicrobials, Cancer, Carcinogens, Cell proliferation, Chromatography, Coagulation, Detoxification, Diagnostic, Diseases, Enzyme activity, Fermentation, Gas chromatography, Gastrointestinal, High performance liquid chromatography, Inflammation, Magnetic resonance spectroscopy, Metabolism, Metabolites, Molecular biology, Nucleic acid hybridization, PAGE, Pharmaceutical, Phosphorylations, Polymerase chain reaction, Prebiotics, Probiotics, Reductions, Respiratory, Sequencing, Thin layer chromatography, Titrations

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Peer-Reviewed Papers


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