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G6137 Sigma-Aldrich

Glutathione Peroxidase from bovine erythrocytes

lyophilized powder, ≥300 units/mg protein

Synonym: GSH-Px, Glutathione:hydrogen-peroxide oxido-reductase

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Description

General description

Glutathione peroxidase is an antioxidant enzyme that contains selenium. It is present in the glandular epithelium of human endometrium.

Application

Glutathione Peroxidase from bovine erythrocytes has been used as an oxygen radical scavenger to study its effect on cytotoxicity of 1,3-dilinoleoylglycerol (DLG) against E1A-3Y1 cells.

Glutathione peroxidase from bovine erythrocytes was used as a positive control in cloning and characterization of full-length cDNAs encoding two glutathione peroxidases (GpXs) from Globodera rostochiensis. It was used for the determination of glutathione peroxidase activity in human milk.

Packaging

100, 200, 500 units in serum bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Glutathione peroxidase helps to reduce (peroxides) H2O2 to water and lipid peroxides to lipid alcohols.

Glutathione peroxidase is an enzyme which reduced lipid hydroperoxides into their corresponding alcohols. It also reduces free hydrogen peroxide in to water. In vivo it is responsible for protecting hemoglobin from oxidative breakdown.

Protects cells against oxidative damage by catalyzing the reduction of hydrogen peroxide in the presence of reducing agent glutathione. In cellular membranes it may induce lipid peroxidation through the reduction of hydrogen peroxide or polyunsaturated fatty acid hydroperoxides.

Unit Definition

One unit will catalyze the oxidation by H2O2 of 1.0 μmole of reduced glutathione to oxidized glutathione per min at pH 7.0 at 25 °C.

Physical form

Lyophilized powder containing 25% sucrose and 2.5% dithiothreitol with sodium phosphate buffer salts

Other Notes

Note: At the reported pH optimum of 8.8, we have found the activity to be approx. 10 times that at pH 7.0. However, to remain consistent with literature and avoid complications arising from non-enzymatic oxidation of GSH, our unit is defined at pH 7.0.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
Signal word 
Danger;Danger
Hazard statements 
Personal Protective Equipment 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
WGK 3
Flash Point(F) 
Not applicable
Flash Point(C) 
Not applicable

Documents

Certificate of Analysis (COA)

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Certificate of Origin (COO)

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Protocols & Articles

Articles

Cellular Derived Blood Proteins and Enzymes

Cell damage is induced by reactive oxygen species (ROS). ROS are either free radicals, reactive anions containing oxygen atoms, or molecules containing oxygen atoms that can either produce free radic...
BioFiles 2006, 1.5, 4.
Keywords: Aerobic, Alzheimer Disease, Bacterial conjugations, Biofiles, Cancer, Metabolism, Oxidations, Parkinson Disease, Reductions, Respiration

Mitochondrial Stress and ROS

Oxidative stress is implicated in the pathogenesis of lipotoxicity in both animal and human studies. Chronic oxidative stress is linked to insulin resistance in multiple tissues. Oxidative stress is ...
BioFiles 2011, 6.4, 22.
Keywords: Anti-inflammatory agents, Apoptosis, Cancer, Cell signaling, Cellular processes, Gene expression, Indicators, Metabolism, Oxidations, Respiratory

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Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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CGP1 Glutathione Peroxidase Cellular Activity Assay Kit, Sufficient for 100 colorimetric tests

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