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G6423 Sigma-Aldrich

Gemcitabine hydrochloride

≥98% (HPLC)

Synonym: 2′-Deoxy-2′,2′-difluorocytidine; dFdC, Gemzar (Lilly), LY-188011, dFdC, dFdCyd

  • CAS Number 122111-03-9

  • Empirical Formula (Hill Notation) C9H11F2N3O4 · HCl

  • Molecular Weight 299.66

  •  MDL number MFCD01735988

  •  PubChem Substance ID 329799951

  •  NACRES NA.77



Related Categories Apoptosis and Cell Cycle, Approved Therapeutics/Drug Candidates, Bioactive Small Molecule Alphabetical Index, Bioactive Small Molecules, Cell Biology,
Quality Level   100
assay   ≥98% (HPLC)
form   powder
storage condition   desiccated
  protect from light
solubility   H2O: ≥10 mg/mL
originator   Eli Lilly
storage temp.   room temp
SMILES string   Cl.NC1=NC(=O)N(C=C1)[C@@H]2O[C@H](CO)[C@@H](O)C2(F)F
InChI   1S/C9H11F2N3O4.ClH/c10-9(11)6(16)4(3-15)18-7(9)14-2-1-5(12)13-8(14)17;/h1-2,4,6-7,15-16H,3H2,(H2,12,13,17);1H/t4-,6-,7-;/m1./s1
Gene Information   human ... POLA1(5422), POLA2(23649), POLD1(5424), POLD2(5425), POLD3(10714), POLD4(57804), POLE(5426), POLE2(5427), POLE3(54107), PRIM1(5557), PRIM2(5558), RRM1(6240), RRM2(6241), RRM2B(50484)



10, 50 mg in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Gemcitabine is a widely used antitumor agents in both clinics and research labs. It is an antineoplastic agent and antimetabolite.

Features and Benefits

This compound is a featured product for Apoptosis research. Click here to discover more featured Apoptosis products. Learn more about bioactive small molecules for other areas of research at sigma.com/discover-bsm.

This compound is also offered as part of Sigma′s Library of Pharmacologically Active Compounds (LOPAC®1280), a biologically annotated collection of high-quality, ready-to-screen compounds. Click here to learn more.

This compound was developed by Eli Lilly. To browse the list of other pharma-developed compounds and Approved Drugs/Drug Candidates, click here.

Legal Information

LOPAC is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

GHS08  GHS08
Signal word 
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
Flash Point(F) 
Not applicable
Flash Point(C) 
Not applicable


Certificate of Analysis (COA)

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Certificate of Origin (COO)

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Protocols & Articles


Discover Bioactive Small Molecules for Apoptosis

Apoptosis, or programmed cell death (PCD), is a selective process for the removal of unnecessary, infected or transformed cells in various biological systems. As it plays a role in the homeostasis of...
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Discover Bioactive Small Molecules for Cell Cycle Research

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Nucleotide Synthesis in Cancer Cells

Neoplastic cells are highly dependent on the de novo synthesis of nucleotides to maintain sufficient pools to support DNA replication and the production of RNA. The metabolic pathways supporting nucl...
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Keywords: Cancer, Catalysis, Citric Acid Cycle, DNA replication, Gene expression, Glycolysis, Metabolic Pathways, Metabolism, Metabolites, Nucleotide Synthesis, Pentose phosphate pathway, Pyrimidine synthesis

Peer-Reviewed Papers


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