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G8134 Sigma-Aldrich

Gallamine triethiodide

≥98% (TLC), powder, muscarinic receptor antagonist

  • CAS Number 65-29-2

  • Empirical Formula (Hill Notation) C30H60I3N3O3

  • Molecular Weight 891.53

  •  EC Number 200-605-1

  •  MDL number MFCD00011832

  •  PubChem Substance ID 24277837

  •  NACRES NA.77

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Properties

Related Categories Antagonists, Bioactive Small Molecule Alphabetical Index, Bioactive Small Molecules, Cell Biology, Cell Signaling and Neuroscience,
Quality Level   200
assay   ≥98% (TLC)
form   powder
mp   235 °C (dec.) (lit.)
solubility   H2O: 100 mg/mL
  ethanol: soluble
storage temp.   2-8°C
SMILES string   [I-].[I-].[I-].CC[N+](CC)(CC)CCOc1cccc(OCC[N+](CC)(CC)CC)c1OCC[N+](CC)(CC)CC
InChI   1S/C30H60N3O3.3HI/c1-10-31(11-2,12-3)22-25-34-28-20-19-21-29(35-26-23-32(13-4,14-5)15-6)30(28)36-27-24-33(16-7,17-8)18-9;;;/h19-21H,10-18,22-27H2,1-9H3;3*1H/q+3;;;/p-3
InChI key   REEUVFCVXKWOFE-UHFFFAOYSA-K
Gene Information   human ... CHRM1(1128), CHRM2(1129), CHRM3(1131), CHRM4(1132), CHRM5(1133), CHRNA1(1134), CHRNB1(1140), CHRND(1144), CHRNE(1145), CHRNG(1146)

Description

Application

Gallamine triethiodide has been used:
• as a relaxant for measuring spinal trigeminal nucleus recordings from single neurons.
• as an antagonist in neuroblastoma cells as M2 receptor
• to reduce eye movement during retinal surgery in rat

Packaging

5, 25 g in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Gallamine triethiodide has anti-muscarinic effect. It is a competitive antagonist for the muscarinic receptor. Gallamine is regarded as neuromuscular blocking agent.

Muscle relaxant; allosteric muscarinic receptor antagonist with an order of potency of M2 > M1 = M4 > M3 = M5. Ligand for the peripheral anionic binding site of acetylcholinesterase.

Features and Benefits

This compound is a featured product for Neuroscience research. Click here to discover more featured Neuroscience products. Learn more about bioactive small molecules for other areas of research at sigma.com/discover-bsm.

This compound is also offered as part of Sigma′s Library of Pharmacologically Active Compounds (LOPAC®1280), a biologically annotated collection of high-quality, ready-to-screen compounds. Click here to learn more.

This compound is featured on the Acetylcholine Receptors (Muscarinic) page of the Handbook of Receptor Classification and Signal Transduction. To browse other handbook pages, click here.

Caution

Hygroscopic

Legal Information

LOPAC is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
GHS07  GHS07
Signal word 
Warning
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
Personal Protective Equipment 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
WGK 3
RTECS 
BS1100000
Flash Point(F) 
Not applicable
Flash Point(C) 
Not applicable

Documents

Certificate of Analysis (COA)

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Certificate of Origin (COO)

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Protocols & Articles

Articles

Discover Bioactive Small Molecules for Neuroscience

The nervous system, comprised of the brain and spinal cord (central nervous system, or CNS) and network of nerves that connects the CNS to the rest of the body (peripheral nervous system, or PNS) is ...
Keywords: Bioactive small molecules, Central Nervous System, Diseases, Metabolism, Neurodegenerative Diseases, Neuroscience, Neurotransmission, Neurotransmitters

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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