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G8764 Sigma-Aldrich

Gc-globulin from human plasma

≥90% (SDS-PAGE), lyophilized powder (containing sodium chloride and sodium phosphate buffer salt)

Synonym: DBP, Group-Specific Component, Vitamin D Binding Protein

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Properties

Related Categories Application Index, Biochemicals and Reagents, Enzymes, Inhibitors, and Substrates, Globulins, Plasma & Blood Proteins,
Quality Level   200
biological source   human plasma
assay   ≥90% (SDS-PAGE)
form   lyophilized powder (containing sodium chloride and sodium phosphate buffer salt)
mol wt   ~52 kDa
application(s)   LC/MS: suitable
solubility   H2O: soluble 2 mg/mL
storage temp.   −20°C
Gene Information   human ... GC(2638)

Description

General description

Gc-Globulin, a member of the albumin superfamily, is the major plasma carrier of vitamin D and its metabolites. It is also, along with gelsolin, part of the extracellular actin scavenger system. Gc-globulin also binds monomeric actin (G-actin) with high affinity to scavenge actin released by necrotic cells, preventing its polymerization into filaments. Gc-globulin enhances the chemoattractant activity of C5a for inflammatory cells.

Gc-globulin from human plasma is encoded by the gene GC, which is mapped to human chromosome 4q13.3.

Gc-globulin or the vitamin D binding protein (DBP) is a 51-58 kDa multifunctional serum glycoprotein synthesized in large quantities by primarily in the liver. It is a member of the albumin gene family and has the characteristic multiple disulfide-bonded, triple domain structure.

Application

Gc-globulin from human plasma has been used:
• as a fluorescent probe for G-actin staining
• as a fluorescent probe to monitor steady-state rate of actin filament disassembly
• as a calibrator for liquid chromatography with mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS)

Gc-globulin is a multifunctional, albumin-like plasma protein that often requires cell surface binding to mediate some of its diverse functions. It has been used to anlayze its glycosylation patterns.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Gc-Globulin, a member of the albumin superfamily, is the major plasma carrier of vitamin D and its metabolites. It is also, along with gelsolin, a part of the extracellular actin scavenger system. Gc-globulin also binds monomeric actin (G-actin) with high affinity to scavenge actin released by necrotic cells, preventing its polymerization into filaments. Gc-globulin enhances the chemoattractant activity of C5a for inflammatory cells.

Single nucleotide polymorphism in the gene GC is associated with deficiency of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D].

Preparation Note

Native Gc-globulin from human plasma

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
WGK 3

Documents

Certificate of Analysis (COA)

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Certificate of Origin (COO)

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Protocols & Articles

Articles

Plasma Derived Proteins and Enzymes

Despite their complexity, blood and plasma are abundant biological resources for the discovery of drug targets and biomarkers for human disease. It is estimated that plasma may contain as many as 40,...
BioFiles 2006, 1.5, 2.
Keywords: Applications, Gas chromatography, Type

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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