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G9545 Sigma-Aldrich

Anti-GAPDH antibody produced in rabbit

~1 mg/mL, affinity isolated antibody, buffered aqueous solution

Synonym: Anti Gapdh Antibody, Anti Gapdh, Anti-38-kD component, Anti-Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, Anti-G3PD, Anti-GAPD, Anti-Gapdh, Anti-OCAS, Anti-OCT1 coactivator in S phase, Anti-p38 component, GAPDH Antibody - Anti-GAPDH antibody produced in rabbit, Gapdh Antibody Sigma, Gapdh Antibody

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Properties

Related Categories Aerobic Glycolysis (the Warburg Effect), Alphabetical Index, Antibodies, Antibodies Against Proteins Involved in Glucose Metabolism, Cancer Metabolism,
conjugate   unconjugated
clone   polyclonal
biological source   rabbit
application(s)   immunoprecipitation (IP): 5-10 μg using mouse NIH3T3 cell lysates
  indirect immunofluorescence: 5-10 μg/mL using rat NRK cells
  western blot: 0.1-0.2 μg/mL using whole extract of human HeLa cells
species reactivity   rat, mouse, human
mol wt   antigen mol wt ~36 kDa
form   buffered aqueous solution
shipped in   dry ice
storage temp.   −20°C
antibody form   affinity isolated antibody
antibody product type   primary antibodies
concentration   ~1 mg/mL
UniProt accession no.   P04406
Gene Information   human ... GAPDH(2597)
mouse ... Gapdh(14433)
rat ... Gapdh(24383)

Description

General description

The GAPDH (glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase) gene is mapped to human chromosome 12p13.3 and encodes a tetramer containing identical chains. The enzyme is commonly known as glycolytic enzyme and contains a binding site for NAD+(nicotinamide adenine diphosphate) and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate. GAPDH contributes to 10-20% of the total cellular protein and is considered to be evolutionarily conserved.

Specificity

Anti-GAPDH recognizes human, mouse, and rat GAPDH.

Immunogen

Synthetic peptide corresponding to amino acids of mouse GAPDH, conjugated to KLH via an N-terminal cysteine residue. The corresponding sequence is identical in rat and differs by two amino acids in humans.

Application

Anti-GAPDH antibody produced in rabbit is suitable as a primary antibody for western blotting using:
• human cancer cell extract
• extract from muscle tissue from old mice exhibiting sarcopenia
• trabeculae or samples of the mice heart myocardium
• mouse embryonic fibroblasts
It is suitable for immunoprecipitation using mouse NIH3T3 cell lysates with 5-10μg, for indirect immunofluorescence using rat NRK cells at a working concentration of 5-10μg/mL. It is also suitable for western blotting at a working concentration of 0.1-0.2μg/mL using a whole extract of human HeLa cells.

Physical form

Solution in 0.01 M phos­phate buffered saline, pH 7.4, containing 15 mM sodium azide.

Storage and Stability

For continuous use, store at 2-8 °C for up to one month.
For extended storage, freeze in working aliquots. Repeated freezing and thawing, or storage in “frost free” freezers, is not recommended. If slight turbidity occurs upon prolonged storage, clarify the solution by centrifugation before use. Working dilutions should be discarded if not used within 12 hours.

Disclaimer

Unless otherwise stated in our catalog or other company documentation accompanying the product(s), our products are intended for research use only and are not to be used for any other purpose, which includes but is not limited to, unauthorized commercial uses, in vitro diagnostic uses, ex vivo or in vivo therapeutic uses or any type of consumption or application to humans or animals.

Biochem/physiol Actions

The enzyme glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase catalyzes the reversible oxidative phosphorylation of glyceraldehyde-phosphate in the presence of inorganic phosphate and NAD, which is a critical energy-yielding step in carbohydrate metabolism. It binds to several proteins including actin, tubulin, amyloid precursor, polyglutamine peptides, DRPLA (dentatorubral-pallidoluysian atrophy), and huntingtin. GAPDH forms a part of OCA-S, the multicomponent OCT1 (octamer-motif-binding factor) coactivator complex, which is involved in the S phase-dependent histone H2B transcription. This association is responsible for linking H2B transcriptional machinery to cell cycle regulation and to the cellular metabolic state. In response to oxidative stress, GAPDH induces apoptosis.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
3
Protocols & Articles

Articles

Aerobic Glycolysis and the Warburg Effect

The Warburg effect is the enhanced conversion of glucose to lactate observed in tumor cells, even in the presence of normal levels of oxygen. Otto Heinrich Warburg demonstrated in 1924 that cancer ce...
Keywords: Aerobic, Cancer, Cell proliferation, Clinical, Glycolysis, PAGE, Phosphorylations, Transcription

Antibody Basics

Immunoglobulins (Igs) are produced by B lymphocytes and secreted into plasma. The Ig molecule in monomeric form is a glycoprotein with a molecular weight of approximately 150 kDa that is shaped more ...
Keywords: Affinity chromatography, Centrifugation, Chromatography, Digestions, Direct immunofluorescence, Gene expression, High performance liquid chromatography, Immunofluorescence, Ion Exchange, Microscopy, Precipitation, Purification, Rheumatology, Scanning electron microscopy

Validation of RNAi Knockdown Using Multiple Reaction Monitoring and Protein-AQUA™

The field of proteomics is continually looking for new ways to investigate protein dynamics within complex biological samples. Recently, many researchers have begun to use RNA interference (RNAi) as ...
LSI Issue 24
Keywords: Alkylations, Amino acid analysis, Cell culture, Cell disruption, Centrifugation, Digestions, Gene expression, High performance liquid chromatography, Immobilization, Liquid chromatography mass spectrometry, Mass spectrometry, PAGE, Phase transitions, Precipitation, Proteomics, Reductions, Transfection, Western blot

Protocols

Western Blot Protocol | Immunoblotting Protocol

Western Blotting refers to the electrophoretic transfer of proteins from sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gels to sheets of PVDF or nitrocellullose membrane, followed by immunodetection of prote...
Keywords: AGE, Buffers, Cell disruption, Detergents, Dialysis, Electroblotting, Electrophoresis, Enzyme activity, Gel electrophoresis, Immunoprecipitation, PAGE, Protein extraction, Purification, Sample preparations, Western blot

Related Content

Antibody Explorer | Buy Primary Antibodies & Secondary Antibodies

Primary and Secondary Antibodies Providing highly cited primary and secondary antibodies, we have you covered for your ELISA, western blot, immunohistochemistry or other assay needs. Use the Antibody...
Keywords: Alzheimer Disease, Cancer, Chromatin immunoprecipitation, Diagnostic, Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Flow cytometry, Immunocytochemistry, Immunofluorescence, Immunohistochemistry, Neuroscience, Western blot

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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