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G9910 Sigma-Aldrich

Sodium glycodeoxycholate

BioXtra, ≥97% (HPLC)

Synonym: 3α,12α-Dihydroxy-5β-cholan-24-oic acid N-(carboxymethyl)amide, Glycodeoxycholic acid sodium salt, Glycodesoxycholic acid, N-(3α,12α-Dihydroxy-24-oxocholan-24-yl)glycine



Related Categories Anionic Detergents, Bile Salts, Biochemicals and Reagents, Cell Culture, Detergents,
description   anionic
product line   BioXtra
assay   ≥97% (HPLC)
mol wt   471.61 g/mol
impurities   ≤0.0025% Phosphorus (P)
  ≤0.1% Insoluble matter
CMC   2.1 mM
solubility   H2O: 0.1 M, clear to slightly hazy, colorless
anion traces   chloride (Cl-): ≤1%
  sulfate (SO42-): ≤0.05%
cation traces   Al: ≤0.0005%
  Ca: ≤0.005%
  Cu: ≤0.0005%
  Fe: ≤0.001%
  K: ≤0.005%
  Mg: ≤0.001%
  NH4+: ≤0.05%
  Pb: ≤0.001%
  Zn: ≤0.0005%


General description

Sodium glycodeoxycholate is a bile salt that can be used to form biomimicking environments.


Sodium glycodeoxycholate has been used in a study to develop more similar mimetic intestinal fluids to physiological fluids than those developed by mixed bile salt systems (MBS). It has also been used in a study to investigate Ca2+ buffering capability of bile salt micelles.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Induces apoptosis in hepatocytes; may induce DNA cleavage.

Other Notes

Bile Salt

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Personal Protective Equipment 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 


Certificate of Analysis (COA)

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Certificate of Origin (COO)

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Protocols & Articles


Bile Acids

The liver excretes excess cholesterol in the form of bile acids. Bile acids serve two purposes: to remove unwanted cholesterol from the body and to aid in lipid digestion in the intestine. Bile acids...
BioFiles 2007, 2.7, 17.
Keywords: Absorption, Digestions, Transcription

Bile Salts and Bile Salt Hydrolase

Several Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium probiotic strains exhibit bile salt hydrolase (BSH) activity and are suspected to play a role in combating the negative effects of bile via detoxification of...
Chloe McClanahan
Biofiles Edition 6.2
Keywords: Detoxification, Probiotics, Thin layer chromatography, Titrations

Probiotics and Human Health

At the beginning of the 20th century, probiotics were thought to have a beneficial effect to the host by improving the intestinal microbial balance. Through his studies and observations, the Russian ...
Chloe McClanahan
BioFiles Edition 6.2
Keywords: AGE, Absorption, Adhesion, Amplification, Anaerobic, Antimicrobials, Cancer, Carcinogens, Cell proliferation, Chromatography, Coagulation, Detoxification, Diagnostic, Diseases, Enzyme activity, Fermentation, Gas chromatography, Gastrointestinal, High performance liquid chromatography, Inflammation, Magnetic resonance spectroscopy, Metabolism, Metabolites, Molecular biology, Nucleic acid hybridization, PAGE, Pharmaceutical, Phosphorylations, Polymerase chain reaction, Prebiotics, Probiotics, Reductions, Respiratory, Sequencing, Thin layer chromatography, Titrations

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