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H9536 Sigma-Aldrich

Anti-Histone Deacetylase 4 (HDAC4) (DM-15) antibody produced in rabbit

Antibody Enhanced Validation

affinity isolated antibody, buffered aqueous solution

Synonym: Anti-HDAC4

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Properties

Related Categories Alphabetical Index, Antibodies, Antibodies for Cell Biology, Antibodies for Chromatin Remodeling, Antibodies for Epigenetics,
conjugate   unconjugated
clone   polyclonal
biological source   rabbit
application(s)   immunoprecipitation (IP): 10-20 μg using RIPA extract of HeLa nuclei
  indirect immunofluorescence: 1:250 using HEK 293T cells expressing recombinant mouse HDAC4
  microarray: suitable
  western blot: 1:1,000 using whole extracts of mouse NIH3T3 cells
  western blot: 1:500 using whole extracts of rat brain
species reactivity   rat, mouse, human
mol wt   antigen ~140 kDa
enhanced validation   recombinant expression
Learn more about Antibody Enhanced Validation
form   buffered aqueous solution
shipped in   dry ice
storage temp.   −20°C
antibody form   affinity isolated antibody
Quality Level   200
antibody product type   primary antibodies
UniProt accession no.   P56524
Gene Information   human ... HDAC4(9759)
mouse ... Hdac4(208727)
rat ... Hdac4(363287)

Description

General description

Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are competing enzymes, belonging to histone deacetylase family. There are two classes of HDACs with six to seven different types of HDACs proteins. HDAC1,HDAC2 and HDAC3 belong to Class I HDACs and HDAC4, HDAC6, and HDAC7 belong to Class II HDACs. Class I HDACs consists of a single deacetylase domain at the N-termini and diversified C-terminal regions, while Class II contains a deacetylase domain at C-terminal position.

Mammalian histone deacetylases (HDACs) are classified into three classes according to sequence homology. HDAC1, HDAC2, HDAC3 and HDAC8 belong to class I HDACs and HDAC4, HDAC6, and HDAC7 belong to class II HDACs. Class III consists of the yeast sirtuins (sir2-like protein). Class I HDACs are ubiquitously expressed. Whereas, most of the class II HDACs show tissue-specific expression. The antibody is affinity-purified using the immunizing peptide immobilized on agarose.

Specificity

Anti-Histone Deacetylase 4 (HDAC4), recognizes human, mouse and rat HDAC4.

Immunogen

Synthetic peptide corresponding to amino acid residues of human HDAC4 with C-terminal added lysine conjugated to KLH.

Application

Applications in which this antibody has been used successfully, and the associated peer-reviewed papers, are given below:
• Western Blotting
• Immnofluorescence
• Immunoprecipitation

Physical form

Solution in 0.01 M phosphate buffered saline, pH 7.4, containing 1% bovine serum albumin and 15 mM sodium azide.

Storage and Stability

For continuous use, store at 2-8°C for up to one month. For prolonged storage, freeze in working aliquots at -20°C. Repeated freezing and thawing is not recommended. Storage in frost-free freezers is also not recommended. If slight turbidity occurs upon prolonged storage, clarify the solution by centrifugation before use. Working dilutions should be discarded if not used within 12 hours.

Disclaimer

Unless otherwise stated in our catalog or other company documentation accompanying the product(s), our products are intended for research use only and are not to be used for any other purpose, which includes but is not limited to, unauthorized commercial uses, in vitro diagnostic uses, ex vivo or in vivo therapeutic uses or any type of consumption or application to humans or animals.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Histone deacetylase 4 (HDAC4) contains import and export nuclear signal that aids in nucleocytoplasmic shuttling. It has physical and functional interactions with transcription factor myocyte enhancer factor-2 (Mef2) protein and 14-3-3. This interaction disturbs nucleocytoplasmic shuttling and then guides HDAC4 to the cytoplasm and the nucleus, respectively. In addition, HDAC4 with HDAC5 and HDAC7 represses transcription by binding to the nuclear receptor co-repressors silencing mediator of retinoic acid and thyroid hormone receptors (SMRT) and nuclear receptor co-repressor (NCOR).

Studies show that HDAC4 contains a composed import and export nuclear signal that aids in nucleocytoplasmic shuttling. It has physical and functional interactions with transcription factor MEF2C and 14-3-3. This interaction results in the shuttling and it guides HDAC4 to the cytoplasm and the nucleus.The C-terminal domain of HDAC4 shows innate histone deacetylase activity. It is seen that MEF2C combines with HDAC4 at the N-terminal domain and downmodulate c-jun promoter activity.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
nwg
Flash Point(F) 
Not applicable
Flash Point(C) 
Not applicable
Protocols & Articles

Articles

Antibody Basics

Immunoglobulins (Igs) are produced by B lymphocytes and secreted into plasma. The Ig molecule in monomeric form is a glycoprotein with a molecular weight of approximately 150 kDa that is shaped more ...
Keywords: Affinity chromatography, Centrifugation, Chromatography, Digestions, Direct immunofluorescence, Gene expression, High performance liquid chromatography, Immunofluorescence, Ion Exchange, Microscopy, Precipitation, Purification, Rheumatology, Scanning electron microscopy

Protocols

Western Blot Protocol | Immunoblotting Protocol

Western Blotting refers to the electrophoretic transfer of proteins from sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gels to sheets of PVDF or nitrocellullose membrane, followed by immunodetection of prote...
Keywords: AGE, Buffers, Cell disruption, Detection methods, Detergents, Dialysis, Electroblotting, Electrophoresis, Enzyme activity, Gel electrophoresis, Immunoprecipitation, PAGE, Protein extraction, Purification, Sample preparations, Western blot

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Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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