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HPA009172 Sigma-Aldrich

Anti-EAAT2 antibody produced in rabbit

Antibody Enhanced Validation

Prestige Antibodies® Powered by Atlas Antibodies, affinity isolated antibody, buffered aqueous glycerol solution

Synonym: Anti-EAAT2, Anti-GLT-1

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Properties

Related Categories Alphabetical Index, Antibodies, Antibodies to Drug Transport Proteins, Biochemicals and Reagents, Drug Transport Proteins & Reagents,
conjugate   unconjugated
clone   polyclonal
biological source   rabbit
application(s)   immunohistochemistry: 1:50- 1:200
species reactivity   human
enhanced validation   orthogonal RNAseq
Learn more about Antibody Enhanced Validation
form   buffered aqueous glycerol solution
shipped in   wet ice
storage temp.   −20°C
antibody form   affinity isolated antibody
antibody product type   primary antibodies
grade   Prestige Antibodies® Powered by Atlas Antibodies
immunogen sequence   SLDAFLDLIRNLFPENLVQACFQQIQTVTKKVLVAPPPDEEANATSAVVSLLNETVTEVPEETKMVIKKGLEFKDGMNV
UniProt accession no.   P43004
Gene Information   human ... SLC1A2(6506)

Description

General description

Excitatory amino acid transporter 2 (EAAT2) is a membrane glutamate transporter. This gene localizes to human chromosome 11p13-12.This protein is localized to endfoot membrane of astrocytes, and accounts for more than 90% glutamate uptake in the central nervous system (CNS). It is a resident of astrocyte plasma membrane.

Immunogen

Excitatory amino acid transporter 2 recombinant protein epitope signature tag (PrEST)

Application

All Prestige Antibodies Powered by Atlas Antibodies are developed and validated by the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) project (www.proteinatlas.org)and as a result, are supported by the most extensive characterization in the industry.

The Human Protein Atlas project can be subdivided into three efforts: Human Tissue Atlas, Cancer Atlas, and Human Cell Atlas. The antibodies that have been generated in support of the Tissue and Cancer Atlas projects have been tested by immunohistochemistry against hundreds of normal and disease tissues and through the recent efforts of the Human Cell Atlas project, many have been characterized by immunofluorescence to map the human proteome not only at the tissue level but now at the subcellular level. These images and the collection of this vast data set can be viewed on the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) site by clicking on the Image Gallery link. To view these protocols and other useful information about Prestige Antibodies and the HPA, visit sigma.com/prestige.

Physical form

Solution in phosphate-buffered saline, pH 7.2, containing 40% glycerol and 0.02% sodium azide

Disclaimer

Unless otherwise stated in our catalog or other company documentation accompanying the product(s), our products are intended for research use only and are not to be used for any other purpose, which includes but is not limited to, unauthorized commercial uses, in vitro diagnostic uses, ex vivo or in vivo therapeutic uses or any type of consumption or application to humans or animals.

Legal Information

Prestige Antibodies is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

Biochem/physiol Actions

Excitatory amino acid transporter 2 (EAAT2) is the major transport in adult human brain responsible for the clearance of extracellular glutamate. Suppression of the expression and function of this transporter is found in multiple neurological diseases such as, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Alzheimer′s disease (AD), Parkinson′s disease (PD), schizophrenia and epilepsy. In the membrane of hepatocytes of bile duct-ligated rats and cholestatic human liver samples, this transporter is up-regulated. Under experimental cholestasis conditions, the expression and function of this transporter is altered. Thus, glutamate system plays a role in liver cholestasis. In patients with neuromyelitis optica, auto-antibodies against aquaporin-4 results in abnormal glutamate transport due to reduction in EAAT2 expression.

Linkage

Corresponding Antigen APREST71560.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
1

Documents

Certificate of Analysis (COA)

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Certificate of Origin (COO)

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Making Headway
Protocols & Articles

Articles

Antibody Basics

Immunoglobulins (Igs) are produced by B lymphocytes and secreted into plasma. The Ig molecule in monomeric form is a glycoprotein with a molecular weight of approximately 150 kDa that is shaped more ...
Keywords: Affinity chromatography, Centrifugation, Chromatography, Digestions, Direct immunofluorescence, Gene expression, High performance liquid chromatography, Immunofluorescence, Ion Exchange, Microscopy, Precipitation, Purification, Rheumatology, Scanning electron microscopy

Drug Transport

Protein-based drug transporters are found in most tissues including liver, kidney, intestine, and brain. Because of their complexity and genetic heterogeneity, these proteins are often produced as re...
Robert Gates
Biofiles Volume 6 Article 1
Keywords: Absorption, Anti-inflammatory agents, Antibiotics, Antimicrobials, Apoptosis, Cancer, Catalog, Cytotoxins, Detoxification, Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Gene expression, Genetic, High performance liquid chromatography, Immunohistochemistry, Mass spectrometry, Metabolites, Methods, Phosphorylations, Separation, The Reporter, Transfection, Type, Western blot

Protocols

Prestige Antibody® Immunofluorescence Procedure

Prestige Antibodies® have been used for subcellular localization studies by immunocytochemistry (ICC) - immunofluorescence (IF) using the protocol described below. In addition to the primary antibodi...
Keywords: Immunocytochemistry, Immunofluorescence, Immunostaining, Sample preparations

Prestige Antibody® Immunohistochemistry Procedure

Prestige Antibodies® developed for immunohistochemistry based expression profiling are recommended to be used according to the standard IHC staining protocol described below.
Keywords: Buffers, Dehydration reaction, Gene expression, Hydration reaction, Immunohistochemistry, Immunostaining, Tissue microarrays

Prestige Antibody® Protein Immunoblotting Procedure

Prestige Antibodies® recommended for Western Blot are recommended to be used according to the standard WB protocol described below. Western blot standard protocol optimized for
Keywords: Catalytic combustion detector, Electrophoresis, Gene expression, Sample preparations, Western blot

Prestige Antigens™-Blocking Protocol

Prestige Antigens and the corresponding Prestige Antibodies are recommended to be used according to the standard blocking protocol described below.
Keywords: Immunocytochemistry, Immunohistochemistry, Immunostaining, Titrations, Western blot

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Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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