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HPA010607 Sigma-Aldrich

Anti-AFP antibody produced in rabbit

Antibody Enhanced Validation

Prestige Antibodies® Powered by Atlas Antibodies, affinity isolated antibody, buffered aqueous glycerol solution

Synonym: Anti-α-1-Fetoprotein antibody produced in rabbit, Anti-α-Fetoglobulin antibody produced in rabbit, Anti-α-Fetoprotein precursor antibody produced in rabbit

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Properties

Related Categories AE-AK, AF-AP, Alphabetical Index, Antibodies, Antibodies for Cell Biology,
conjugate   unconjugated
clone   polyclonal
biological source   rabbit
application(s)   immunoblotting: 0.4 μg/mL
  immunohistochemistry: 1:200- 1:500
species reactivity   human
enhanced validation   recombinant expression
recombinant expression
RNAi knockdown
Learn more about Antibody Enhanced Validation
form   buffered aqueous glycerol solution
shipped in   wet ice
storage temp.   −20°C
antibody form   affinity isolated antibody
antibody product type   primary antibodies
grade   Prestige Antibodies® Powered by Atlas Antibodies
immunogen sequence   FAQFVQEATYKEVSKMVKDALTAIEKPTGDEQSSGCLENQLPAFLEELCHEKEILEKYGHSDCCSQSEEGRHNCFLAHKKPTPASIPLFQVPEPVTSCEAYEEDRETFMNKFIYEIARRHPFLYAPTILLWAAR
Featured Industry   Research Pathology
UniProt accession no.   P02771
Gene Information   human ... AFP(174)

Description

General description

AFP (α fetoprotein) is a 70kDa serum glycoprotein, and is produced during gestation from fetal liver and yolk sac.

Immunogen

α-Fetoprotein precursor recombinant protein epitope signature tag (PrEST)

Application

Anti-AFP antibody produced in rabbit, a Prestige Antibody, is developed and validated by the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) project (www.proteinatlas.org). Each antibody is tested by immunohistochemistry against hundreds of normal and disease tissues. These images can be viewed on the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) site by clicking on the Image Gallery link. The antibodies are also tested using immunofluorescence and western blotting. To view these protocols and other useful information about Prestige Antibodies and the HPA, visit sigma.com/prestige.

Physical form

Solution in phosphate-buffered saline, pH 7.2, containing 40% glycerol and 0.02% sodium azide

Disclaimer

Unless otherwise stated in our catalog or other company documentation accompanying the product(s), our products are intended for research use only and are not to be used for any other purpose, which includes but is not limited to, unauthorized commercial uses, in vitro diagnostic uses, ex vivo or in vivo therapeutic uses or any type of consumption or application to humans or animals.

Legal Information

Prestige Antibodies is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

Biochem/physiol Actions

AFP (α fetoprotein) levels decrease by the second year of birth and its ectopic expression is linked with tumors, such as hepatobastoma, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and yolk sac tumors. Maximum AFP-expressing tumors are of stomach, bile duct or pancreatic origin. AFP-expressing rectal cancer is extremely rare and is usually metastasized to liver with poor prognosis. In patients with chronic hepatitis C, high levels of this protein are linked with increased risk of developing HCC. In patients with metastatic gastric cancer (GC), follow-up of AFP concentrations can help determine early treatment response. For early and intermediate stages of HCC, the addition of this protein and ascites in the BCLC Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) staging can improvise prognosis determination.

Linkage

Corresponding Antigen APREST86803.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
1

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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Protocols & Articles

Articles

Antibody Basics

Immunoglobulins (Igs) are produced by B lymphocytes and secreted into plasma. The Ig molecule in monomeric form is a glycoprotein with a molecular weight of approximately 150 kDa that is shaped more ...
Keywords: Affinity chromatography, Centrifugation, Chromatography, Digestions, Direct immunofluorescence, Gene expression, High performance liquid chromatography, Immunofluorescence, Ion Exchange, Microscopy, Precipitation, Purification, Rheumatology, Scanning electron microscopy

Protocols

Prestige Antibody® Immunofluorescence Procedure

Prestige Antibodies® have been used for subcellular localization studies by immunocytochemistry (ICC) - immunofluorescence (IF) using the protocol described below. In addition to the primary antibodi...
Keywords: Immunocytochemistry, Immunofluorescence, Immunostaining, Sample preparations

Prestige Antibody® Immunohistochemistry Procedure

Prestige Antibodies® developed for immunohistochemistry based expression profiling are recommended to be used according to the standard IHC staining protocol described below.
Keywords: Buffers, Dehydration reaction, Gene expression, Hydration reaction, Immunohistochemistry, Immunostaining, Tissue microarrays

Prestige Antibody® Protein Immunoblotting Procedure

Prestige Antibodies® recommended for Western Blot are recommended to be used according to the standard WB protocol described below. Western blot standard protocol optimized for
Keywords: Catalytic combustion detector, Electrophoresis, Gene expression, Sample preparations, Western blot

Prestige Antigens™-Blocking Protocol

Prestige Antigens and the corresponding Prestige Antibodies are recommended to be used according to the standard blocking protocol described below.
Keywords: Immunocytochemistry, Immunohistochemistry, Immunostaining, Titrations, Western blot

Western Blot Protocol | Immunoblotting Protocol

Western Blotting refers to the electrophoretic transfer of proteins from sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gels to sheets of PVDF or nitrocellullose membrane, followed by immunodetection of prote...
Keywords: AGE, Buffers, Cell disruption, Detergents, Dialysis, Electroblotting, Electrophoresis, Enzyme activity, Gel electrophoresis, Immunoprecipitation, PAGE, Protein extraction, Purification, Sample preparations, Western blot

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Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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