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I1761 Sigma-Aldrich

Anti-Human Polyvalent Immunoglobulins (G,A,M) antibody produced in goat

whole antiserum

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Properties

Related Categories Alphabetical Index, Antibodies, HU-HZ, Human Polyvalent Ig Secondary Antibodies and Conjugates, Primary Antibodies,
conjugate   unconjugated
clone   polyclonal
biological source   goat
application(s)   immunoelectrophoresis: suitable
shipped in   dry ice
storage temp.   −20°C
antibody form   whole antiserum
Quality Level   200
antibody product type   secondary antibodies
contains   15 mM sodium azide

Description

General description

Immunoglobulin G (IgG) belongs to the immunoglobulin family and is a widely expressed serum antibody. IgG is usually found as a monomer. IgG antibody subtype is the most abundant of serum immunoglobulins of the immune system. About 70 percent of the total immunoglobulin consists of IgG. Immunoglobulin M (IgM ) is a high molecular weight protein that has five or six subunits. Human serum shows low concentration of IgM monomers. It has a high carbohydrate content of about 12%. It is the first immunoglobulin produced by neonates.

Specificity

The antiserum is determined to be immunospecific for human IgG, IgA and IgM. Reactivity is also observed against light chains.

Application

Anti-Human Polyvalent Immunoglobulins (G,A,M) antibody produced in goat has been used in immunoassays/sandwich immunoassay and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).

Physical form

The antibody is supplied as a liquid containing 0.1% sodium azide.

Storage and Stability

For continuous use, store at 2-8 °C for up to one month. For extended storage, the solution may be frozen in working aliquots. Repeated freezing and thawing is not recommended. Storage in "frost-free" freezers not recommended. If slight turbidity occurs upon prolonged storage, clarify the solution by centrifugation before use.

Disclaimer

Unless otherwise stated in our catalog or other company documentation accompanying the product(s), our products are intended for research use only and are not to be used for any other purpose, which includes but is not limited to, unauthorized commercial uses, in vitro diagnostic uses, ex vivo or in vivo therapeutic uses or any type of consumption or application to humans or animals.

Biochem/physiol Actions

IgG antibody subtype is the most abundant of serum immunoglobulins of the immune system. It is secreted by B cells and is found in blood and extracellular fluids and provides protection from infections caused by bacteria, fungi and viruses. Maternal IgG is transferred to fetus through the placenta that is vital for immune defence of the neonate against infections. IgA antibody is secretory antibody and is present abundantly in mucous linings of gastrointestinal, respiratory and genitourinary tracts, tears and saliva. IgM antibodies are present as pentamers in the serum and are produced in response to antigens.

Immunoglobulin G (IgG) participates in hypersensitivity type II and type III. Immunoglobulin M (IgM) acts as an antigen specific part of the B cell antigen receptor on the surface of B lymphocytes that are not stimulated, in its monomeric form. Polymeric IgM molecules also serve as important activators of the classical complement cascade. IgM is essential in agglutination and cytolytic reactions.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
WGK 3
Flash Point(F) 
Not applicable
Flash Point(C) 
Not applicable

Documents

Certificate of Analysis (COA)

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Protocols & Articles

Articles

Antibody Basics

Immunoglobulins (Igs) are produced by B lymphocytes and secreted into plasma. The Ig molecule in monomeric form is a glycoprotein with a molecular weight of approximately 150 kDa that is shaped more ...
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The following information is provided to help you decide which secondary antibody may be best for your particular application.
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Secondary Antibodies, Conjugates and Kits

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Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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