• USA Home
  • I2393 - Interleukin-1β from rat

I2393 Sigma-Aldrich

Interleukin-1β from rat

IL-1β, recombinant, expressed in E. coli, lyophilized powder, suitable for cell culture

Synonym: IL-1β, Interleukin-1β from rat, Lymphocyte activating factor



Analysis Note

The biological activity is measured in a cell proliferation assay using murine D10S cells.

Physical form

Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered buffered solution.

General description

Interleukin-1 (IL-1), originally known as Lymphocyte Activating Factor (LAF), activates T cells and lymphocytes, which then proliferate and secrete interleukin-2.1 IL-1 is primarily released from stimulated macrophages and monocytes, but is also released from several other cell types,2 and is thought to play a key role in inflammatory and immune responses.3 Other synonyms for IL-1 include: Endogenous Pyrogen (EP), Mitogenic Protein (MP), Helper Peak-1 (HP-1), T Cell Replacing Factor III (TRF III or TRFH), B cell Activating Factor (BAF) and B Cell Differentiation Factor (BDF).4 The two closely related agents, Interleukin-1α (IL-1α) and Interleukin-1β (IL-1β) bind to the same cell surface receptor, elicit nearly identical biological responses and yet share 25% homology in their amino acid sequence. Recombinant rat IL-1β is a 17.3 kDa protein containing 153 amino acid residues.


1. Gery, I., et al., J. Exp. Med., 136, 128 (1972).
2. Oppenheim, J. J., et al., Immunol. Today, 7, 45 (1986).
3. Durum, S. K., et al., Annu. Rev. Immunol., 3, 263 (1985).
4. Aarden, L., et al., J. Immunol., 123, 2928 (1979).
5. Symons, J., et al., Lymphokines and Interferons, A Practical Approach, Clemens, M., et al., (eds.), IRL Press, Oxford (1987).

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 


Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Request a Serum Sample

Cell Culture Guide
Protocols & Articles


Interleukin Family (IL)

The Interleukins comprise a disparate group of cytokines and growth factors that are produced by and released from leukocytes. Interleukin-1β (1L-1β) is released primarily from stimulated macrophages...
Jennifer Fries
BioFiles 2009, 4.5, 16.
Keywords: Anti-inflammatory agents, Antitumor agents, Cancer, Cell proliferation, Gene expression, Growth factors, Transcription

Related Content

Cell Culture Troubleshooting Guide

Cell culture has become one of the most fundamental techniques for modeling biological systems, and is of increasing importance in the biotechnology and pharmaceutical sectors as well as an essential...
Keywords: Antibiotics, Apoptosis, Cell attachment, Cell culture, Cryopreservation, Filtration, Growth factors, Pharmaceutical, Phase transitions

Peer-Reviewed Papers


Related Products

related product

Product #


Add to Cart

06693 Timestrip Plus -20 °C

Technical Service:

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Bulk Ordering & Pricing:

Need larger quantities for your development, manufacturing or research applications?