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L5283 Sigma-Aldrich

Leukemia Inhibitory Factor human

LIF, recombinant, expressed in E. coli, 10 μg/ml, buffered aqueous solution (pH 7.4), suitable for cell culture

Synonym: LIF, rLIF



Biochem/physiol Actions

Leukemia Inhibitory Factor (LIF) is a pleiotropic glycoprotein originally described to inhibit the proliferation of the murine myeloid leukemic cell line M1, while inducing differentiation into macrophages. Other activities were later identified to LIF, which is known by a variety of synonyms, including DIF, D-factor, DIA, DRF, CNDF, HILDA, HSF-III, and MLPLI. Human LIF exerts its actions through a receptor comprising a 190 kDa LIF-binding α-chain (130 kDa, mouse) and a 130 kDa signal-transducing β-chain (gp130), which is shared with CNTF, OSM, L-6 and IL-11. As such, it is a member of the gp130 family of the cytokine receptor superfamily. LIF receptors have been identified on several cells, including monocytes, liver, placenta and embryonic stem cells. Natural LIF is heavily glycosylated, showing an apparent molecular weight of 32 kDa to 62 kDa, depending on the source, but absence of glycosylation appears not to affect its biological activity. A single gene encodes LIF, which is secreted as a single chain glycoprotein containing 180 amino acids for human or mouse with a conserved disulfide bond. Human and mouse LIF share 78% sequence homology. Human LIF can activate mouse cells, but mouse LIF cannot activate human cells.

Physical form

Solution, 0.2 μm filtered, in phosphate buffered saline containing 0.02% TWEEN® 20.

Analysis Note

The proliferative activity of human LIF is measured in culture using the human leukemic cell line, TF-1.

Legal Information

TWEEN is a registered trademark of Croda International PLC

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Personal Protective Equipment 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
Flash Point(F) 
Not applicable
Flash Point(C) 
Not applicable


Certificate of Analysis (COA)

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Certificate of Origin (COO)

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Protocols & Articles


Naive Pluripotent Stem Cell Culture in an Inhibitor Based 2i/LIF Containing Serum-Free and Feeder-Free Stem Cell Media

Naive pluripotent stem cells are located within the epiblast of mature blastocysts. These primitive “ground-state” cells may be cultured in vitro using specialized media and small molecule inhibitors...
Gabi Tremml, Ming Li and Vi Chu1*,
1MilliporeSigma, Bioscience Division, Temecula, CA, USA
Keywords: Cell culture, Gene expression, Immunocytochemistry, Microscopy, Polymerase chain reaction, Polymerase chain reaction - quantitative, Transcription

Related Content

Leukemia Inhibitory Factor (LIF) Protein

Leukemia Inhibitory Factor (LIF) belongs to the interleukin-6 cytokine family. LIF binds to a heterodimeric receptor consisting of the low-affinity LIF receptor and gp130, with downstream signals bei...
Keywords: Cell culture, Culture media, Growth factors, Transcription

Peer-Reviewed Papers


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