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L6170 Sigma-Aldrich

β-Lactamase

recombinant, expressed in E. coli

Synonym: Carbapenemase, Cephalosprinase

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Properties

recombinant   expressed in E. coli
form   powder
activity   ≥20 U/mg (with cephalosporin C)
  ≥400 U/mg (with benzylpenicilin)
storage temp.   2-8°C

Description

General description

β-Lactamase produced by bacteria is closely related to the penicillin binding proteins. β-Lactamase hydrolyzes β-lactum antibiotics and is the prime cause of resistance development by bacteria. There are four subclasses of β-Lactamases. Classes A, C and D form an acyl-enzyme via active site serine residue. Class B β-lactamases are metalloenzymes with zinc ion at their active site for β-lactam hydrolysis. Mutations in the β-lactamases has resulted in the generation of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs). As close to 900 types of β-Lactamases are produced by microbes.

Application

β--lactamase is used to inactivate β-lactam antibiotics by breaking open the β-lactam ring. β--lactamase is used to study antibiotic resistance and resistance suppression. Product L6170 is recombinantly produced based on the sequence of the enzyme from Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and is expressed in E. coli.

β-Lactamase has been used in coumarin-cephalosporin-fluorescein-acetoxymethyl (CCF4)- β-Lactamase assay in dendritic cells and in the hydrolysis of meropenem (H-Mer) to generate 18O-labeled H-Mer.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Typical analysis for other substrates: ceftriaxon 2-4 un/mg; cefazolin 2-4 un/mg; ceftazidime 1.5-3 un/mg; cefoxitin 0.35-0.7 un/mg; cefepime 1.2-2.4 un/mg; cefuroxime 1.5-3 un/mg; cefotaxime 1-2 un/mg, oxacillin 4-8 un/mg; imipenem 1.2-2.4 un/mg; and meropenem 3-6 un/mg

β--lactamase inactivates β-lactam antibiotics by breaking open the β-lactam ring. Typical analysis for other substrates: ceftriaxon 2-4 un/mg; cefazolin 2-4 un/mg; ceftazidime 1.5-3 un/mg; cefoxitin 0.35-0.7 un/mg; cefepime 1.2-2.4 un/mg; cefuroxime 1.5-3 un/mg; cefotaxime 1-2 un/mg, oxacillin 4-8 un/mg; imipenem 1.2-2.4 un/mg; and meropenem 3-6 un/mg

Unit Definition

One unit will hydrolyze 1.0 μmole substrate per min (βI: benzylpenicillin; βII: cephalosporin C) in 50 mM phosphate buffer, pH 7.0 containing 10 μM zinc chloride at 25 ºC.

Physical form

Lyophilized powder containing sodium chloride and potassium phosphate.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
3

Documents

Certificate of Analysis (COA)

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Protocols & Articles
Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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