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L8511 Sigma-Aldrich

Leupeptin

synthetic, ≥85% (HPLC)

Synonym: Acetyl-Leu-Leu-Arg-al, Leupeptin hemisulfate salt, N-Acetyl-L-leucyl-L-leucyl-L-argininal hemisulfate salt

  • CAS Number 103476-89-7

  • Linear Formula C20H38N6O4 · 1/2H2SO4

  • Molecular Weight 475.59

  •  MDL number MFCD00037012

  •  PubChem Substance ID 24896498

  •  NACRES NA.77

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Properties

Related Categories Biochemicals and Reagents, Core Bioreagents, Enzyme Inhibitors, Enzymes, Inhibitors, and Substrates, Individual Protease Inhibitors,
biological source   synthetic
assay   ≥85% (HPLC)
form   powder
solubility   H2O: 50 mg/mL
storage temp.   −20°C
SMILES string   OS(O)(=O)=O.CC(C)C[C@H](NC(C)=O)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(C)C)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCCNC(N)=N)C=O.CC(C)C[C@H](NC(C)=O)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(C)C)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCCNC(N)=N)C=O
InChI   1S/2C20H38N6O4.H2O4S/c2*1-12(2)9-16(24-14(5)28)19(30)26-17(10-13(3)4)18(29)25-15(11-27)7-6-8-23-20(21)22;1-5(2,3)4/h2*11-13,15-17H,6-10H2,1-5H3,(H,24,28)(H,25,29)(H,26,30)(H4,21,22,23);(H2,1,2,3,4)/t2*15-,16-,17-;/m00./s1
InChI key   CIPMKIHUGVGQTG-VFFZMTJFSA-N

Description

Application

Leupeptin has been used as a protease inhibitor: in ice-cold lysis buffer to harvest cells for western immunoblotting and immunoprecipitation,in chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) lysis buffer for the isolation of fragmented chromatin samples in lysis buffer I to lyse the cells for tandem affinity purification (TAP)

Biochem/physiol Actions

Inhibitor of serine and cysteine proteases. Inhibits plasmin, trypsin, papain, calpain, and cathepsin B. Does not inhibit pepsin, cathepsins A and D, thrombin, or α-chymotrypsin. Effective concentration 10-100 μM. There have been numerous studies using leupeptin to protect against hearing loss caused by acoustic overstimulation or the ototoxic antibiotic gentamicin. (Loss of cochlear hair cells is believed to be mediated by calpain.)

Leupeptin helps to protect motoneurons from apoptosis. It also helps to enhance muscle function following nerve injury. It possesses neurotrophic action and has a growth-stimulating effect.

Analysis Note

Leupeptin gives multiple peaks on HPLC due to equilibria among three forms in solution. Purity determined using three main peaks. Majority of contaminating peptide is racemized leupeptin.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Personal Protective Equipment 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
WGK 3
Flash Point(F) 
Not applicable
Flash Point(C) 
Not applicable

Documents

Certificate of Analysis (COA)

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Certificate of Origin (COO)

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Single- & multi-channel pipettes from BRAND
Protocols & Articles
Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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