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MAK039 Sigma-Aldrich

Acetyl-Coenzyme A Assay Kit

sufficient for 100 fluorometric tests

Synonym: Acetyl-CoA Assay Kit

  •  NACRES NA.84

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Description

General description

Acetyl-CoA is an essential cofactor and carrier of acyl groups in enzymatic acetyl transfer reactions. It is formed either by the oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate in mitochondria, by the oxidation of long-chain fatty acids, or by the oxidative degradation of certain amino acids. Acetyl-CoA is the starting compound for the citric acid cycle (Kreb′s cycle). It is also a key precursor in lipid biosynthesis, and the source of all fatty acid carbons. Acetyl-CoA positively regulates the activity of pyruvate carboxylase. It is a precursor of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. Histone acetylases (HAT) use Acetyl-CoA as the donor for the acetyl group used in the post-translational acetylation reactions of histone and non-histone proteins.

Acetyl-Coenzyme A acts as an indicator of fat, sugar, and protein levels and shows up on the nutritional status. Thus, starvation greatly reduces the level of acetyl-CoA, which stimulates the process of autophagy. In lowered glucose condition, acetyl-CoA participates in the production of ATP. Increased acetyl-CoA levels are observed in prostate cancer due to elevated fatty acid utilization and thus provides an additional energy source for the tumor cell growth. Nutrition deprivation, changes the levels of certain metabolites, including acetyl-CoA, which stimulates epigenetic modifications that would affect the central nervous system.

Application

Acetyl-Coenzyme A Assay Kit has been used to quantify the level of acetyl-CoA in astrocytes exposed to recombinant HIV protein Tat and Cocaine. It has also been used to study the mitochondrial metabolism by evaluating the levels of acetyl-CoA using hypoxia induced stress in primary human ventricular cardiomyocytes.

Suitability

Suitable for the measurement of Acetyl CoA in a variety of biological samples

Principle

Acetyl-CoA concentration is determined by a coupled enzyme assay, which results in a fluorometric (λex = 535/λem = 587 nm) product, proportional to the Acetyl-CoA present. Typical sensitivities of detection for this kit are 10-1000 pmole of Acetyl CoA. This kit is a highly sensitive assay for determining Acetyl-CoA level in a variety of biological samples.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

RIDADR 
NA 1993 / PGIII
Flash Point(F) 
188.6 °F
Flash Point(C) 
87 °C

Frequently Asked Questions

Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?
If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis.
How do I get lot-specific information or a Certificate of Analysis?
The lot specific COA document can be found by entering the lot number above under the "Documents" section.
How do I find price and availability?
There are several ways to find pricing and availability for our products.Once you log onto our website, you will find the price and availability displayed on the product detail page.You can contact any of our Customer Sales and Service offices to receive a quote. USA customers: 1-800-325-3010 orview local office numbers.
What is the Department of Transportation shipping information for this product?
Transportation information can be found in Section 14 of the product's (M)SDS.To access the shipping information for this material, use the link on the product detail page for the product.
Can these kits be usedwith serum samples from mouse?
Yes, this kit can be used on mouse serum samples. We generally recommend that fresh serum samples be used. Frozen samples can probably be used. However, the successful use of frozen samples depends on the efficiency of freezing them and the amount oftime they have been frozen. If previously frozen serum samples are used, you may want to check the performance of the kit with fresh vs. frozen samples.
My question is not addressed here, how can I contact Technical Service for assistance?
Ask a Scientist here.
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Protocols & Articles

Articles

Aerobic Glycolysis and the Warburg Effect

The Warburg effect is the enhanced conversion of glucose to lactate observed in tumor cells, even in the presence of normal levels of oxygen. Otto Heinrich Warburg demonstrated in 1924 that cancer ce...
BioFiles v7 n4
Keywords: Aerobic, Cancer, Cell proliferation, Clinical, Glycolysis, Phosphorylations, Transcription

Fatty Acid Synthesis and Metabolism in Cancer Cells

Proliferatively active cells require fatty acids for functions such as membrane generation, protein modification, and bioenergetic requirements. These fatty acids are derived either from dietary sour...
BioFiles v7 n4
Keywords: Apoptosis, Cancer, Carboxylations, Catalysis, Citric Acid Cycle, Gene expression, Glycolysis, Metabolism, Oxidations, Phosphorylations

Glutamine Metabolism is Dysregulated in Many Cancer Cells

Proliferatively active cells require both a source of carbon and of nitrogen for the synthesis of macromolecules. Although a large proportion of tumor cells utilize aerobic glycolysis and shunt metab...
BioFiles v7 n4
Keywords: Aerobic, Cancer, Citric Acid Cycle, Gene expression, Glycolysis, Metabolism, Metabolites, Phosphorylations, Transcription

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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