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N0755 Sigma-Aldrich

Netilmicin sulfate salt

Synonym: 1-N-Ethylsisomicin

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Properties

Related Categories Aminoglycosides, Antibacterial, Antibiotics, Antibiotics A to Z, Antibiotics N-S,
color   white to faint yellow
solubility   H2O: 10 mg/mL
Mode of action   protein synthesis | interferes
antibiotic activity spectrum   Gram-negative bacteria
  Gram-positive bacteria
storage temp.   2-8°C

Description

General description

Chemical structure: aminoglycoside

Application

Netilmicin is an aminoglycoside antibiotic active against most Gram-negative and some Gram-positive bacteria. It is a semisynthetic 1-N-ethyl derivative of sisomycin, an aminoglycoside antibiotic with action similar to gentamicin, but has less ear and kidney toxicity. It is used in aminoglycoside resistance studies and in susceptibility studies of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Pseudomonas pseudomallei .

Packaging

5 mg in serum bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Netilmicin irreversibly binds to specific 30S-subunit proteins and 16S rRNA. Netilmicin binds to four nucleotides of 16S rRNA and a single amino acid of protein S12. This interferes with the decoding site in the vicinity of nucleotide 1400 in 16S rRNA of 30S subunit. This region interacts with the wobble base in the anticodon of tRNA. This leads to interference with the initiation complex, misreading of mRNA so incorrect amino acids are inserted into the polypeptide. This results in nonfunctional and toxic peptides and the bacterium is unable to synthesize crucial proteins.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
GHS08  GHS08
Signal word 
Danger
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
3
RTECS 
WK2286000

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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Protocols & Articles
Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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