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N3503 Sigma-Aldrich

Nystatin

≥4,400 USP units/mg

Synonym: Fungicidin, Mycostatin

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Properties

Related Categories Antibiotics, Antibiotics A to Z, Antibiotics N-S, Antibiotics by Mechanism of Action, Antifungal,
Quality Level   200
solubility   water: insoluble
Mode of action   cell membrane | interferes
antibiotic activity spectrum   Gram-positive bacteria
  fungi
  yeast
storage temp.   −20°C
SMILES string   O[C@@H]([C@H](C)[C@H](C)O1)[C@@H](C)/C=C/C=C/CC/C=C/C=C/C=C/C=C/[C@H](O[C@@H]2O[C@H](C)[C@@H](O)[C@H](N)[C@@H]2O)C[C@@]3([H])[C@H](C(O)=O)[C@@H](O)C[C@](O)(O3)C[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)CC[C@@H](O)C[C@@H](O)C[C@@H](O)CC1=O
InChI   1S/C47H75NO17/c1-27-17-15-13-11-9-7-5-6-8-10-12-14-16-18-34(64-46-44(58)41(48)43(57)30(4)63-46)24-38-40(45(59)60)37(54)26-47(61,65-38)25-36(53)35(52)20-19-31(49)21-32(50)22-33(51)23-39(55)62-29(3)28(2)42(27)56/h5-6,8,10-18,27-38,40-44,46,49-54,56-58,61H,7,9,19-26,48H2,1-4H3,(H,59,60)/b6-5+,10-8+,13-11+,14-12+,17-15+,18-16+/t27-,28+,29-,30+,31+,32+,33+,34-,35+,36+,37-,38-,40+,41-,42+,43+,44-,46-,47+/m0/s1
InChI key   VQOXZBDYSJBXMA-QEKUPDCNSA-N

Description

General description

Chemical structure: polyene

Application

Nystatin is a polyene antibiotic. Its uses include preventing cell culture contamination and inducing interleukin (IL)-1, IL-8, and tumor necrosis factor α secretion in TLR2-expressing THP1 cells†. This product is recommended for use in cell culture applications at 50 mg/L.

Packaging

5000000, 25000000 units in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Mode of Action: Nystatin acts by binding to ergosterols in fungal cell membranes, increasing permeability of the membrane, and creating nystatin/ergosterol based ion channels. It also functions as a lipid raft-inhibiting reagent and as membrane associated cholesterol.

Antimicrobial spectrum: Nystatin acts against fungi, yeasts and molds.

Caution

Nystatin in tissue culture media is stable at 37°C for three days. It is also stable in moderately alkaline media. Solutions and aqueous suspensions begin to lose activity soon after preparation, with heat, light, and oxygen accelerating the decomposition. Aqueous suspensions are stable for 10 minutes when heating to 100°C at pH 7.

Preparation Note

Nystatin is soluble at 28°C in methanol (11.2 mg/mL), ethanol (1.2 mg/mL), carbon tetrachloride (1.23 mg/mL), chloroform (0.48 mg/mL), benzene (0.28 mg/mL), and ethylene glycol (8.75 mg/mL). It is also soluble in DMSO at 5 mg/mL and freely soluble in DMF and formamide. It is not recommended to autoclave or sterile filter solutions of Nystatin. Prepare 50 mg/mL stock suspensions in water and store at -20°C.

Other Notes

Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place.Store under inert gas. Air and light sensitive.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Personal Protective Equipment 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
WGK 2
RTECS 
RF5950000
Flash Point(F) 
Not applicable
Flash Point(C) 
Not applicable

Documents

Certificate of Analysis (COA)

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Certificate of Origin (COO)

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Protocols & Articles

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References

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