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N4773 Sigma-Aldrich

Neuron-specific enolase from human brain

≥95% (SDS-PAGE), buffered aqueous solution

Synonym: 2-Phospho-D-glycerate hydro-lyase, Enolase, Neuron-specific from human brain, NSE, Thermolabile antigen A

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Properties

Related Categories 4.2.x.x C-O bonds, 4.x.x.x Lyases, Biochemicals and Reagents, Cancer Markers and Antibodies, Cancer Research,
Quality Level   200
assay   ≥95% (SDS-PAGE)
form   buffered aqueous solution
activity   ≥10 units/mg protein
shipped in   dry ice
storage temp.   −20°C
Gene Information   human ... ENO2(2026)

Description

General description

Neuron-specific enolase (NSE) is a neuronal form of the glycolytic enzyme enolase, which was first found in extracts of brain tissue.

Application

Neuron-specific enolase from human brain has been used in a study to assess human amniotic mesenchymal stem cells in the treatment of focal cerebral ischemia. It has also been used in a study to investigate sinonasal teratocarcinosarcoma with rhabdoid features.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Neuron-specific enolase (NSE) is expressed in all neuronal cell types, and its expression marks the acquisition of synaptic function. Following acute neuronal injury, NSE levels are increased in neuronal cell bodies. Increased levels of NSE in serum and cerebrospinal fluid have been used as markers for injury and neuronal cell death. Tumors derived from many cell types, including most neuronal and neuroendocrine tumors, express NSE.

Neuron-specific enolase promotes survival of neurons and can provide neuroprotective effects by binding to neurons in a calcium-dependent manner.

Unit Definition

One unit causes the formation of 1.0 μmole of phospho(enol)pyruvate per minute at pH 6.8 at 25 °C

Physical form

Solution in 100 mM Tris-HCl, 5 mM MgSO4, 250 mM KCl, pH 5.0-5.2

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
WGK 1
Flash Point(F) 
Not applicable
Flash Point(C) 
Not applicable

Documents

Certificate of Analysis (COA)

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Certificate of Origin (COO)

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Protocols & Articles

Articles

Insulin Signaling and Energy Homeostasis

Glucose metabolism is regulated by the opposing actions of insulin and glucagon. Insulin is released from pancreatic ß cells in response to high blood glucose levels and regulates glucose metabolism ...
Linda Stephenson, Ph.D.
Biofiles v6 n4, 2011
Keywords: Apoptosis, Biological processes, Carboxylations, Catalog, Diabetes, Gene expression, Gluconeogenesis, Glycolysis, Hormones, Metabolism, Metabolites, Transcription, Transduction, Type

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Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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