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N5764 Sigma-Aldrich

Nisin from Lactococcus lactis

2.5% (balance sodium chloride)

  • CAS Number 1414-45-5

  • Empirical Formula (Hill Notation) C143H230N42O37S7

  • Molecular Weight 3354.07

  •  MDL number MFCD00131724

  •  PubChem Substance ID 24897751

  •  NACRES NA.85

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Properties

Related Categories Antibacterial, Antibiotics, Antibiotics A to Z, Antibiotics N-S, Antibiotics by Mechanism of Action,
Quality Level   200
potency   ≥1,000,000 per IU/g
concentration   2.5% (balance sodium chloride)
Mode of action   cell membrane | interferes
antibiotic activity spectrum   Gram-negative bacteria
  Gram-positive bacteria
storage temp.   2-8°C
SMILES string   [H]N[C@@H]([C@@H](C)CC)C(=O)N\C(=C\C)C(=O)N[C@H]1CSC[C@H](NC(=O)[C@H](CC(C)C)NC(=O)C(=C)NC(=O)[C@@H](NC1=O)[C@@H](C)CC)C(=O)N[C@H]2[C@H](C)SC[C@H](NC(=O)CNC(=O)[C@@H]3CCCN3C2=O)C(=O)N[C@H](CCCCN)C(=O)N[C@@H]4[C@@H](C)SC[C@H](NC(=O)CNC(=O)[C@H](CCSC)NC(=O)[C@H](CC(C)C)NC(=O)[C@H](C)NC(=O)CNC4=O)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(N)=O)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCSC)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCCCN)C(=O)N[C@H]5[C@H](C)SC[C@@H]6NC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@H](C)NC5=O)[C@H](C)SC[C@H](NC(=O)[C@H](Cc7cnc[nH]7)NC6=O)C(=O)N[C@@H](CO)C(=O)N[C@@H]([C@@H](C)CC)C(=O)N[C@@H](Cc8cnc[nH]8)C(=O)N[C@@H](C(C)C)C(=O)NC(=C)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCCCN)C(O)=O
InChI   1S/C143H230N42O37S7/c1-24-69(11)105(148)135(213)162-82(27-4)118(196)174-94-58-225-59-95(175-123(201)89(48-67(7)8)169-115(193)74(16)158-138(216)107(70(12)25-2)180-132(94)210)133(211)184-112-79(21)229-61-96(160-104(190)56-152-134(212)100-38-34-44-185(100)142(112)220)128(206)164-84(36-29-32-42-145)120(198)182-109-76(18)226-60-97(161-103(189)55-151-117(195)85(39-45-223-22)165-122(200)88(47-66(5)6)168-113(191)72(14)156-102(188)54-153-136(109)214)129(207)171-92(51-101(147)187)125(203)166-86(40-46-224-23)119(197)163-83(35-28-31-41-144)121(199)183-110-77(19)228-63-99-130(208)170-90(49-80-52-149-64-154-80)124(202)176-98(62-227-78(20)111(141(219)177-99)181-116(194)75(17)159-140(110)218)131(209)173-93(57-186)127(205)179-108(71(13)26-3)139(217)172-91(50-81-53-150-65-155-81)126(204)178-106(68(9)10)137(215)157-73(15)114(192)167-87(143(221)222)37-30-33-43-146/h27,52-53,64-72,75-79,83-100,105-112,186H,15-16,24-26,28-51,54-63,144-146,148H2,1-14,17-23H3,(H2,147,187)(H,149,154)(H,150,155)(H,151,195)(H,152,212)(H,153,214)(H,156,188)(H,157,215)(H,158,216)(H,159,218)(H,160,190)(H,161,189)(H,162,213)(H,163,197)(H,164,206)(H,165,200)(H,166,203)(H,167,192)(H,168,191)(H,169,193)(H,170,208)(H,171,207)(H,172,217)(H,173,209)(H,174,196)(H,175,201)(H,176,202)(H,177,219)(H,178,204)(H,179,205)(H,180,210)(H,181,194)(H,182,198)(H,183,199)(H,184,211)(H,221,222)/b82-27+/t69-,70-,71-,72-,75-,76?,77?,78?,79?,83-,84+,85-,86-,87-,88-,89-,90-,91-,92-,93-,94-,95-,96-,97-,98-,99-,100-,105-,106-,107-,108-,109+,110-,111-,112-/m0/s1
InChI key   NVNLLIYOARQCIX-ILAIHEEGSA-N

Description

General description

Chemical structure: peptide

Application

Nisin is a polycyclic lantibiotic produced by Lactococcus lactis. It is commonly used as a food preservative. It is also used as a selective agent in cell culture for the isolation of gram-negative bacteria, yeast, and molds. Nisin has been used in bioassays to study posttranslational modification.

Used to form targeted pores in cell membranes that are mediated by lipid II. Used to study the assembly and stability of nisin-lipid II pore complexes.

Packaging

1, 25 g in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Nisin binds to cell wall precursor lipid components of bacteria and disrupts cell wall production. Nisin alters the cell membrane which results in the leakage of cytoplasmic components and destruction of the proton motive force.

Nisin is an antibiotic with bactericidal action. It binds to the lipid A portion of bacterial lipopolysaccharides and induces pore formation in the membranes of cortex cells from excised sorghum roots.

Mode of Action: Binds to and interferes with the permeability of the cytoplasmic membrane.
Antimicrobial spectrum: Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria (requires chelator such as EDTA).

Packaging

Package size based on weight of total solids

Other Notes

Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Keep in a dry place.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Personal Protective Equipment 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
WGK 3
Flash Point(F) 
Not applicable
Flash Point(C) 
Not applicable

Documents

Certificate of Analysis (COA)

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Certificate of Origin (COO)

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Protocols & Articles

Articles

Antimicrobial Peptides

With bacterial resistance and emerging infectious diseases becoming potential threats to humans, ribosomally synthesized antimicrobial peptides have become a promising focus area in antibiotic resear...
Chloe McClanahan
BioFiles 2009, 4.3, 4.
Keywords: Antibiotics, Antimicrobials, Antiparasitics, Antivirals, Apoptosis, Cancer, Clinical, Diseases, Environmental, Fermentation, Food Safety, Gene expression, Genetic, Genetics, Infectious Diseases, Microbiology, Peptide synthesis, Pesticides, Respiratory

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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