EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND
P2287 Sigma-Aldrich

TWEEN® 20

viscous liquid, cell culture tested

Synonym: Polyethylene glycol sorbitan monolaurate, Polyoxyethylenesorbitan monolaurate, Polysorbate 20

Purchase

Properties

Related Categories Antigen-Vaccine Preparation, Biochemicals and Reagents, Biological Detergents, Cell Biology, Cell Culture,
Quality Level   PREMIUM
description   non-ionic
assay   ≥40.0%
form   viscous liquid
mol wt   ~1228
composition   lauric acid, ≥40% (balance primarily myristic, palmoyic, and stearic acids)
refractive index   n20/D 1.468 (lit.)
CMC   0.06 mM (20-25°C)
transition temp   cloud point 76 °C
density   1.095 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)
  1.1 g/cm3 at 25 °C (lit.)
HLB   16.7
suitability   cell culture tested

Description

General description

Tween 20 is a polyoxyethylene sorbitol ester that belongs to the polysorbate family. It is a nonionic detergent having a molecular weight of 1,225 daltons, assuming 20 ethylene oxide units, 1 sorbitol, and 1 lauric acid as the primary fatty acid. The ethylene oxide subunits are responsible for the hydrophilic nature of the surfactant, while the hydrocarbon chains provide the hydrophobic environment. Sorbitol forms the backbone ring to which the ethylene oxide polymers are attached.

Application

TWEEN 20 has been used in staining buffer for in situ hybridization. It has also been used to prevent non-specific adsorption of proteins to coverslip during sample preparation for FRET (Förster resonance energy transfer) experiments.

TWEEN 20 is a nonionic detergent widely used in biochemical applications. It has been used as an emulsifying agent for the preparation of stable oil-in-water emulsions. TWEEN 20 has been used in pre-extraction of membranes to remove peripheral proteins (used at 2% for extraction of membrane-bound proteins).
TWEEN 20 has been used as a blocking agent for membrane based immunoassays at a typical concentration of 0.05%. TWEEN 20 can be used for lysing mammalian cells at a concentration of 0.005 to 0.5%.

Non-ionic detergent

Packaging

100, 500 mL in poly bottle

4 L in poly bottle

Caution

TWEEN 20 may not be stable to autoclaving, particularly with metal cations in buffer solutions. Autoclaving is not recommended without testing for changes in properties. TWEEN 20 is heat sensitive and will darken when exposed to elevated temperatures. Polysorbates have been reported to be incompatible with alkalis, heavy metal salts, phenols, and tannic acid. They may also reduce the activity of many preservatives. Aqueous solutions of polysorbates undergo autoxidation during storage, with changes being catalyzed by light, increased temperature, and copper sulfate.

Preparation Note

TWEEN 20 is miscible in water (100mg/mL), yielding a clear, yellow solution. It is also miscible with alcohol, dioxane, and ethyl acetate. TWEEN 20 is insoluble in liquid paraffin and fixed oils.

Legal Information

TWEEN is a registered trademark of Croda International PLC

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Personal Protective Equipment 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
1
RTECS 
TR7400000
Flash Point(F) 
>230 °F
Flash Point(C) 
>110 °C

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

Please Enter a Lot Number

Certificate of Origin

Please Enter a Lot Number

Single- & multi-channel pipettes from BRAND

Pipette Controller from Brand
Protocols & Articles

Articles

3D Organoid Culture: New In Vitro Models of Development and Disease

Model systems drive biological research by recapitulating body processes and functions from the molecular to whole organism level. The human body is composed of both cellular and non-cellular materia...
Keywords: Adhesion, Cancer, Cell attachment, Cell culture, Cryopreservation, Diseases, Growth factors, Infectious Diseases, Processes and Functions, Vitamins

Related Content

Cell Culture Troubleshooting Guide

Cell culture has become one of the most fundamental techniques for modeling biological systems, and is of increasing importance in the biotechnology and pharmaceutical sectors as well as an essential...
Keywords: Antibiotics, Apoptosis, Cell attachment, Cell culture, Cryopreservation, Filtration, Growth factors, Pharmaceutical, Phase transitions

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

Related Products

Technical Service:

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Bulk Ordering & Pricing:

Need larger quantities for your development, manufacturing or research applications?