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P3130 Sigma-Aldrich

Propyl gallate

powder

Synonym: 3,4,5-Trihydroxybenzoic acid propyl ester

  • CAS Number 121-79-9

  • Linear Formula 3,4,5-(HO)3C6H2CO2CH2CH2CH3

  • Molecular Weight 212.20

  •  Beilstein/REAXYS Number 1877976

  •  EC Number 204-498-2

  •  MDL number MFCD00002196

  •  eCl@ss 39024506

  •  PubChem Substance ID 24898394

  •  NACRES NA.77

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Properties

Related Categories Antioxidants and Cytoprotectants, Bioactive Small Molecule Alphabetical Index, Bioactive Small Molecules, Cell Biology, Cell Signaling and Neuroscience,
Quality Level   200
assay   ≥98%
form   powder
mp   146-149 °C (lit.)
solubility   ethanol: 50 mg/mL
SMILES string   CCCOC(=O)c1cc(O)c(O)c(O)c1
InChI   1S/C10H12O5/c1-2-3-15-10(14)6-4-7(11)9(13)8(12)5-6/h4-5,11-13H,2-3H2,1H3
InChI key   ZTHYODDOHIVTJV-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Description

Application

Used as an anti-fade reagent in fluorescence microscopy to reduce photobleaching of fluorescent probes such as rhodamine and fluorescein.

Packaging

100, 500 g in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

An antioxidant that exhibits antimicrobial activity. Propyl gallate has been reported to be an effective antioxidant-based hepatoprotector, both in vitro and in vivo. It has also been shown to prevent neuronal apoptosis and block the death of neurons exposed to FeSO4/GA as well as partially protect endothelial cells against TNF-induced apoptosis. However, propyl gallate induced single strand breaks in DNA at concentrations higher than 0.25 μM when it was combined with copper concentrations at 5 μM and above. Another report, however, found that incubation of isolated rat hepatocytes with propyl gallate at concentrations of >1 mM induced cell killing, whereas, a lower concentration of propyl gallate > 0.5 mM resulted in a ladder formation of soluble low-molecular weight DNA fragments, characteristic of apoptosis.

An antioxidant that exhibits antimicrobial activity. Propyl gallate has been reported to be an effective antioxidant-based hepatoprotector, both in vitro and in vivo. It has also been shown to prevent neuronal apoptosis and block the death of neurons exposed to FeSO4/GA as well as partially protect endothelial cells against TNF-induced apoptosis.

Reconstitution

Prepare a 0.1M solution in glycerol:PBS (9:1)

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
Signal word 
Danger
Hazard statements 
Personal Protective Equipment 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
WGK 2
RTECS 
LW8400000
Flash Point(F) 
368.6 °F - closed cup
Flash Point(C) 
187 °C - closed cup
Protocols & Articles

Articles

Discover Bioactive Small Molecules for Nitric Oxide & Cell Stress Research

Exposure to harsh conditions, cellular damage, and other factors can cause stress on cells. Stress attributed directly and indirectly to oxygen is referred to as oxidative stress, which is imposed on...
Keywords: Antimicrobials, Bioactive small molecules, Cancer, Diseases, Neurodegenerative Diseases, Oxidations

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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