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P3235 Sigma-Aldrich

Prostate Specific Antigen from human semen

buffered aqueous solution

Synonym: Cancer-associated PSA, PSA



General description

Prostate specific antigen (PSA) is a 26kDa single-chain glycoprotein containing 237 amino acids, encoded by the kallikrein gene mapped to human chromosome 19. It is specifically expressed by human prostate tissue and is a highly abundant proteolytic enzyme expressed in the seminal fluid.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA), a glycoprotein of the glandular kallikrein family, is a serine protease with chymotrypsin-like enzymatic activity. Circulating PSA exists in free and protease inhibitor-bound forms. Studying the ratios of free to inhibitor-bound forms may prove valuable in the diagnosis of prostate cancer.

Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is an androgen-regulated serine protease specifically produced by prostatic tissue and is secreted into the lumen. PSA in semen cleaves semenogelins present in the seminal coagulum. Total PSA levels are increased in serum of prostate cancer (PCa) patients. PSA functions as a potential biomarker for PCa. Serum protease inhibitors such as α1-antichymotrypsin (α1-ACT), α2-macroglobulin (α2-M) and other acute-phase proteins form irreversible complexes with circulating PSA and hinder proteolytic activity of PSA.

Physical form

Solution in 10 mM Tris, 0.1% sodium azide, pH 8.0

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
Flash Point(F) 
Not applicable
Flash Point(C) 
Not applicable


Certificate of Analysis (COA)

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Certificate of Origin (COO)

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Protocols & Articles


Plasma Derived Proteins and Enzymes

Despite their complexity, blood and plasma are abundant biological resources for the discovery of drug targets and biomarkers for human disease. It is estimated that plasma may contain as many as 40,...
BioFiles 2006, 1.5, 2.
Keywords: Applications, Gas chromatography, Type

Peer-Reviewed Papers


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