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R3255 Sigma-Aldrich

13-cis-Retinoic acid

≥98% (HPLC)

Synonym: Isotretinoin

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Properties

Related Categories Antitumor Agents, Bioactive Small Molecule Alphabetical Index, Bioactive Small Molecules, Biochemicals and Reagents, Cancer Research,
Quality Level   200
assay   ≥98% (HPLC)
form   powder
application(s)   HPLC: suitable
color   yellow to yellow-orange
mp   172-175 °C (lit.)
storage temp.   −20°C
SMILES string   [H]\C(C(O)=O)=C(C)\C=C\C=C(C)\C=C\C1=C(C)CCCC1(C)C
InChI   1S/C20H28O2/c1-15(8-6-9-16(2)14-19(21)22)11-12-18-17(3)10-7-13-20(18,4)5/h6,8-9,11-12,14H,7,10,13H2,1-5H3,(H,21,22)/b9-6+,12-11+,15-8+,16-14-
InChI key   SHGAZHPCJJPHSC-XFYACQKRSA-N
Gene Information   human ... NOS2(4843), RARA(5914), RARB(5915), RARG(5916)

Description

Application

13-cis-Retinoic acid has been used:
• as a component of fresh media for LA-N-5 differentiation
• to treat medulloblastoma cells for cell differentiation
• to treat spheroids for generating time-lapse videos
• to examine its head- deforming activity under light and dark conditions in Xenopus laevis

Packaging

100, 250, 500 mg in ampule

Biochem/physiol Actions

13-cis-Retinoic acid (RA) has anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor action. The action of RA is mediated through RAR-β and RAR-α receptors. RA attenuates iNOS expression and activity in cytokine-stimulated murine mesangial cells. It induces mitochondrial membrane permeability transition, observed as swelling and as a decrease in membrane potential, and stimulates the release of cytochrome c implicating mechanisms through the apoptosis pathway. These activities are reversed by EGTA and cyclosporin A. RA also increases MMP-1 protein expression partially via increased transcription.

Features and Benefits

This compound is a featured product for Gene Regulation research. Click here to discover more featured Gene Regulation products. Learn more about bioactive small molecules for other areas of research at sigma.com/discover-bsm.

This compound is also offered as part of Sigma′s Library of Pharmacologically Active Compounds (LOPAC®1280), a biologically annotated collection of high-quality, ready-to-screen compounds. Click here to learn more.

Other Notes

Tandem Mass Spectrometry data independently generated by Scripps Center for Metabolomics is available to view or download in PDF. R3255.pdf Tested metabolites are featured on Scripps Center for Metabolomics METLIN Metabolite Database. To learn more, visit sigma.com/metlin.

Legal Information

LOPAC is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
Signal word 
Danger
Hazard statements 
Target organs 
Respiratory system
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
WGK 3
RTECS 
VH6440000
Flash Point(F) 
Not applicable
Flash Point(C) 
Not applicable

Documents

Certificate of Analysis (COA)

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Certificate of Origin (COO)

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Protocols & Articles

Articles

Discover Bioactive Small Molecules for Gene Regulation

The loss of regulation of gene expression is a key component to many human disease states, including neurodegenerative disorders, autoimmune conditions and, most prominently, cancers. Regulation of g...
Keywords: Acetylations, Epigenetics, Gene expression, Genomics, Methylations, PAGE, Post translational modifications, Transcription

Retinoic Acid and Gene Expression

All-trans retinoic acid (RA, ATRA) is a pleiotropic activation factor that regulates genes associated with normal vertebrate cellular processes such as cell differentiation, cell proliferation, apopt...
BioFiles 2008, 3.9, 12.
Keywords: Apoptosis, Cancer, Cell proliferation, Cellular processes, Chromatin immunoprecipitation, Condensations, Degradations, Diseases, Gene expression, Hormones, Immunoprecipitation, Ligands, Metabolism, Oxidations, Phosphorylations, Polymerase chain reaction, Sequences, Teratogens, Transcription, Type, Ubiquitinations, Usage, Vitamins

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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