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R9028 Sigma-Aldrich

Repaglinide

≥98% (HPLC), solid

Synonym: (S)-(+)-2-Ethoxy-4-[N-[1-(2-piperidinophenyl)-3-methyl-1-butyl]aminocarbonylmethyl]benzoic acid, Novonorm, Prandin

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Properties

Related Categories Approved Therapeutics/Drug Candidates, Bioactive Small Molecule Alphabetical Index, Bioactive Small Molecules, Cell Biology, Cell Signaling and Neuroscience,
Quality Level   100
assay   ≥98% (HPLC)
form   solid
color   white
mp   129-130.2 °C
solubility   DMSO: >20 mg/mL
originator   Novo Nordisk
storage temp.   2-8°C
SMILES string   CCOc1cc(CC(=O)N[C@@H](CC(C)C)c2ccccc2N3CCCCC3)ccc1C(O)=O
InChI   1S/C27H36N2O4/c1-4-33-25-17-20(12-13-22(25)27(31)32)18-26(30)28-23(16-19(2)3)21-10-6-7-11-24(21)29-14-8-5-9-15-29/h6-7,10-13,17,19,23H,4-5,8-9,14-16,18H2,1-3H3,(H,28,30)(H,31,32)/t23-/m0/s1
InChI key   FAEKWTJYAYMJKF-QHCPKHFHSA-N
Gene Information   human ... ABCC8(6833), KCNJ1(3758), KCNJ11(3767)

Description

General description

Repaglinide belongs to the meglitinide class, which differs from the glibenclamide by having a bulky B site group instead of A site.

Application

Repaglinide has been used as a ATP-sensitive potassium channel (KATP) inhibitor in breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231. It has also been used in the preparation of KATP complex to study its interaction using cryo-EM structural analysis.

Packaging

50, 250 mg in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Repaglinide (RPG) due to its fast-acting effect prevents hypoglycemia. The KATP inhibition by RPG leads to depolarization in pancreatic β cells leading in voltage-gated calcium channel activation triggering insulin release. Repaglinide favors calcein passage and improves the gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC). Structurally, RPG binds to the ABC transporter sulfonylurea receptor 1 (SUR1) in the transmembrane bundle.

Repaglinide is a potent short-acting insulin secretagogue that acts by closing ATP-sensitive potassium (KATP) channels in the plasma membrane of the pancreatic beta cell. It represents a new class of insulin secretagogues, structurally unrelated to sulphonylureas, which were developed for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.

Features and Benefits

This compound is a featured product for ADME Tox research. Click here to discover more featured ADME Tox products. Learn more about bioactive small molecules for other areas of research at sigma.com/discover-bsm.

This compound was developed by Novo Nordisk. To browse the list of other pharma-developed compounds and Approved Drugs/Drug Candidates, click here.

Other Notes

Tandem Mass Spectrometry data independently generated by Scripps Center for Metabolomics is available to view or download in PDF. R9028.pdf Tested metabolites are featured on Scripps Center for Metabolomics METLIN Metabolite Database. To learn more, visit sigma.com/metlin.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Personal Protective Equipment 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
WGK 2
RTECS 
DI0876305
Flash Point(F) 
Not applicable
Flash Point(C) 
Not applicable
Protocols & Articles

Articles

Discover Bioactive Small Molecules for ADME/Tox

A significant number of drugs that fail in clinical trials have been associated with safety issues, including unexpected drug-drug interactions (DDI) or lack of efficacy due to poor pharmacokinetics....
Keywords: Absorption, Bioactive small molecules, Clinical, Metabolism

Discover Bioactive Small Molecules for Ion Channels Research

Ion transport across the relatively impermeable lipid bilayer of the cell membrane is accomplished via membrane proteins known as ion channels, pumps and transporters. Ion channels are gated pores an...
Keywords: Biological processes, Cell signaling, Diseases, Hormones, Ligands, Neurotransmitters

Insulin Signaling and Energy Homeostasis

Glucose metabolism is regulated by the opposing actions of insulin and glucagon. Insulin is released from pancreatic ß cells in response to high blood glucose levels and regulates glucose metabolism ...
Linda Stephenson, Ph.D.
Biofiles v6 n4, 2011
Keywords: Apoptosis, Biological processes, Carboxylations, Catalog, Diabetes, Gene expression, Gluconeogenesis, Glycolysis, Hormones, Metabolism, Metabolites, Transcription, Transduction, Type

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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