• USA Home
  • S4636 - Superoxide Dismutase from horseradish

S4636 Sigma

Superoxide Dismutase from horseradish

lyophilized powder, 1,000-4,000 units/mg protein

Synonym: SOD, Superoxide: superoxide oxidoreductase



Analysis Note

For assay method, see McCord, J.M. and Fridovich, I., J. Biol. Chem., 244, 6049 (1969).

Biochem/physiol Actions

Catalyzes the dismutation of superoxide radicals to hydrogen peroxide and molecular oxygen. Plays a critical role in the defense of cells against the toxic effects of oxygen radicals. Competes with nitric oxide (NO) for superoxide anion (which reacts with NO to form peroxynitrite), thereby SOD promotes the activity of NO. SOD has also been shown to suppress apoptosis in cultured rat ovarian follicles, neural cell lines, and transgenic mice.

General description

Superoxide dismutases are a group of low molecular weight metalloproteins present in all aerobic cells of plants, animals and micro-organisms. They provide protection against damaging reactions with the superoxide radical anion (O2-) by catalyzing its disproportionation into oxygen and hydrogen peroxide.

Unit Definition

One unit will inhibit reduction of cytochrome c by 50% in a coupled system with xanthine oxidase at pH 7.8 at 25 °C in a 3.0 mL reaction volume. Xanthine oxidase concentration should produce an initial ΔA550 of 0.025 ± 0.005 per min.

Physical form

Lyophilized powder containing potassium phosphate buffer salts


Superoxide dismutase from horseradish has been used in a study to assess the correlation between CuZn superoxide dismutase and glutathione reductase, and environmental and xenobiotic stress tolerance in maize inbreds. Superoxide dismutase from horseradish has also been used in a study to investigate chemiluminometric enzyme sensors for flow-injection analysis.

Price and Availability

Expore Enzymes, Proteins & Cofactors

Milli-Q® Water Purification Solutions

Biomedical Applications
Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 


Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Protocols & Articles


HPLC Analysis of Superoxide Dismutase on Discovery® BIO PolyMA-WAX

From our library of Articles, Sigma-Aldrich presents HPLC Analysis of Superoxide Dismutase on Discovery® BIO PolyMA-WAX
Keywords: Chromatography, High performance liquid chromatography


Enzymatic Assay of Superoxide Dismutase

This procedure applies to all products that have a specification for superoxide dismutase activity by enzymatic determination.
Keywords: Catalysis, Reductions

Related Content

Enzymes & Proteins

Application Index | Enzyme Index | Substrate Index | Inhibitor Index | Cofactor Index | Lectin Index
Keywords: Cell signaling, Diagnostic, Drug discovery, Molecular biology

Peer-Reviewed Papers


Related Products

Technical Service:

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Bulk Ordering & Pricing:

Need larger quantities for your development, manufacturing or research applications?